Everything to Know About Atelectasis!

Individuals who exhibit symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, and difficulty breathing should immediately seek medical help from a pulmonologist in Karachi. These symptoms indicate that the patient is suffering from heart or lung disease. Therefore, one should remain vigilant regarding their physical and psychological health and seek support if need be. The specialist will conduct tests to detect the disease, cause, and severity of the disease. Timely treatment can help the patient recover smoothly without permanent damage to the organ and correlating complications.

Atelectasis refers to partial or complete lung collapse. The patient requires treatment or can be life-threatening. However, the treatment is proven effective in treating atelectasis. The symptoms include:

●        The patient suffers from dyspnea. It is a condition in which the person cannot breathe properly.

●        The person suffers from rapid or shallow breathing.

●        The patient experiences excessive coughing for days.

●        The patient can feel pain in the chest, and it worsens while coughing.

Known Causes of Atelectasis

The causes of the Atelectasis are:

●        The patient may suffer from obstructive atelectasis due to excessive buildup of mucus. The secretion causes a problem in breathing due to blockage of airways. The buildup of the mucus may be due to infections, or the patient had surgery recently.

●        An individual suffering from a bacterial or viral infection should take proper treatment to avoid complications. It can lead to scarring and disruption in the airflow.

●        The person may have inhaled a small foreign object disrupting airflow.

●        A tumor can cause atelectasis. The mass can cause blockage to the airway.

●        The person may have had an accident-causing excessive bleeding. The blood clots can cause atelectasis.

●        Individuals suffering from pleural effusion, pneumothorax, and pneumonia are at a higher risk of suffering from atelectasis as a complication.

●        Bed-ridden patients are at a higher risk of suffering from lung diseases including atelectasis.

●        Individuals with pre-existing lung diseases such as asthma and COPD have a higher chance of suffering from complications such as atelectasis.

Preventive Measures:

The measures that can help minimize the chances of suffering from the condition include:

●        Caregivers should keep small objects away from children.

●        Caregivers for bed-ridden patients should encourage light movements to enhance the blood and airflow to all the body parts.

Complications:

The complications correlated with Atelectasis are:

●        The patient diagnosed with atelectasis is at a higher risk of suffering from hypoxemia.

●        The patient may suffer from pneumonia and lung infection causing further complications.

●        The patient may suffer from respiratory failure causing a threat to life.

●        Atelectasis can cause sepsis, which can cause permanent damage to vital organs or may cause death.

Diagnosing Atelectasis

The tests that help diagnose atelectasis are:

●        The imaging test help identifies if there is a blockage in the airways.

●        Blood testing helps identifies the cause of lung collapse. The test can help identify infections in the body, which may have led to atelectasis.

●        An oximeter helps check the saturation of oxygen. It helps identify the severity of the patient’s condition.

Treatment Options Proven Effective

The effective treatment options are:

●        Bronchoscopy: It is a procedure in which a thin tube with a camera is inserted through the bronchi to get the visuals and remove the blockage.

●        Use of Antibiotics: The medication is proven effective in fighting against viral and bacterial infections causing the accumulation of mucus.

●        Lobectomy: If the person has a tumor causing problems breathing, the procedure helps remove it, improving the airflow.

●        Oxygen Therapy: In severe cases, the therapy is proven efficacious in maintaining the blood oxygen levels that may provide ease from the symptoms.

●        Mucus Suctioning: It is a procedure that removes the mucus and promotes the functioning of the lungs by clearing the air passage.

Individuals suffering from the condition should consult the best pulmonologist in Islamabad, who can help in diagnosing the disease. Additionally, a competent and reliable specialist can provide the best treatment plan for a smooth recovery without complications. The timely treatment can save the life of the patient.

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