A Comprehensive Guide to Wage and Hour Disputes

Unpaid overtime is a prevalent issue in the United States, with many employees working long hours without proper compensation. Wage and hour disputes, including those related to unpaid overtime, are governed by federal and state labor laws. Moore & Associates is a law firm specializing in employment law, and their website (https://www.mooreandassociates.net/employment-law/wage-hour-disputes/unpaid-overtime/) provides valuable resources for understanding unpaid overtime and wage disputes.

Federal and State Laws Governing Unpaid Overtime

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is the primary federal law governing wages and overtime pay. Under the FLSA, employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek must be compensated at a rate of at least one and a half times their regular rate of pay for each hour worked beyond the 40-hour threshold. However, not all employees are covered under the FLSA. Exempt employees, such as those in executive, administrative, or professional roles, are not entitled to overtime pay.

In addition to the FLSA, many states like Texas have their own wage and hour laws, which may provide additional protections and requirements for overtime pay. For instance, California law mandates overtime pay for employees working more than eight hours in a single day. Employers must adhere to both federal and state laws, and when these laws differ, they are required to follow the one that provides the most benefits to employees.

Common Unpaid Overtime Disputes

There are numerous reasons why employees may not receive the overtime pay they are legally entitled to. Some common disputes include:

  1. Misclassification of employees: Employers may intentionally or inadvertently misclassify workers as exempt from overtime pay or as independent contractors to avoid paying overtime wages.
  2. Off-the-clock work: Employers may require or allow employees to work outside their scheduled hours without recording the extra time, resulting in unpaid overtime.
  3. Failure to include all forms of compensation: When calculating overtime pay, employers must account for all forms of compensation, including commissions and bonuses. Failure to do so may result in underpayment of overtime wages.
  4. Miscalculation of regular rate of pay: Employers may incorrectly calculate an employee’s regular rate of pay, which is used to determine their overtime rate. This can lead to underpayment of overtime wages.
  5. Failure to pay overtime for unauthorized work: Employers may refuse to pay overtime for work that was not pre-approved, even if the employee performed the work.

Seeking Legal Assistance

If you believe you have been denied overtime pay, it’s essential to consult with an experienced employment law attorney. Moore & Associates can guide you through the process of filing a wage and hour dispute and help you recover the unpaid wages you are entitled to. In addition to unpaid overtime, the firm can also assist with other employment law issues, such as discrimination, harassment, and wrongful termination.


Unpaid overtime is a widespread problem that can lead to significant financial losses for employees. It’s crucial to be aware of your rights under federal and state wage and hour laws, and to seek legal assistance if you suspect you have been denied overtime pay. Moore & Associates is dedicated to protecting the rights of employees and ensuring they receive the compensation they deserve.