Top 5 Common Types Of Cyber Attacks

Each year is marked by more cyber crime, as attackers find new ways to exploit your devices. Cyber-attacks can happen for many reasons. Cybercriminals tend to seek out exploits that they can use, regardless of the company’s security procedures, policies, or technology. Cyber attacks are, simply put, when hackers attempt to gain unauthorized entry to a system to extort, steal or disrupt it for any other illegal purpose.

A large number of security incidents can be attributed to insiders. To save time, let’s assume the cyberattack is being conducted by an individual not belonging to the target organization. Hackers can use many different methods to gain access to a system. However, most cybercriminals prefer to stick to tried and true methods. The most common hacker type is listed below in this post.

1. Man-In-The-Middle Attack

A man-in-the-middle attack (MITM), or computer hacker intercepts communications of multiple parties with the sole purpose of spying, stealing credentials or personal data, or for some other reason, such as to gain control over the conversation.MITM attacks aren’t so common anymore, as most instant messaging and email providers use some form of end-to-end encryption. This makes unauthorized third parties unable to alter the data being sent across the Internet, regardless of whether it’s being transmitted over secure networks or not.

2. Phishing Attacks

Phishing attacks involve the sending of emails disguised as legitimate ones from banks and other financial institutions. They do this to trick the victim and get sensitive information. Phishing attacks use technology and social engine to combine both. They “fish for” sensitive data using “bait” or what appears like a trustworthy sender.

It is essential to have the right knowledge to avoid phishing attacks. Avoiding phishing attacks is as easy as being mindful of which emails to open and which links to click. Pay special attention to email headers. Never click on anything you don’t understand. Examine the return path and reply-to parameters. If the email goes to different domains or looks unusual, it is a positive sign. However, you can get more information on tech sites regarding this.

3. DNS Spoofing

Domain Name System spoofing involves a cybercriminal altering DNS records to send data to a spoofed domain. Once the victim has reached the fraudulent website they may be asked for confidential information that can then be sold or abused by the cybercriminal. A few hackers will also create a site that looks bad and contains derogatory, inflammatory, or offensive information to look like a competitor’s website.

DNS spoofing attacks can be successful because cybercriminals can exploit the fact that victims don’t know what they are doing and convince them that they’re visiting a legitimate site. This allows cybercriminals, or at least the victim, to disguise their malicious activities as legitimate businesses.

DNS spoofing attacks cannot be prevented by making certain that all DNS servers remain up-to-date. Cybercriminals will seek to exploit weaknesses in DNS servers. Therefore, all patches and updates for DNS servers must be up-to-date.

4. Drive-By Attack

Drive-by attacks are the most prevalent way to spread viruses. A cybercriminal will find insecure sites and install malicious scripts using PHP code or HTTP code on one of the pages. This script could install a small amount of malware on sites that visit it or redirect victims to the cybercriminal’s website. Drive-by attacks can occur while browsing an email message, on a website, or in a popup window. Drive-by infections aren’t as complicated as other types of attacks. Your system will not be infected if you open an email attachment or click a download button. Drive-by downloads can be used to take advantage of an operating system, web browser, or app with security holes, due to either unsuccessful or insufficient updates.

Protect yourself from such attacks by keeping yourself informed using the information provided on and by updating your operating system and browsers, while staying away from sites from poor neighborhoods. Be familiar with sites, even though they may be vulnerable to hackers. Make sure to uninstall any applications or programs you don’t use anymore. It is also a bad idea to have too many browser plug-ins. Hackers could use these to attack your system.

5. Crypto-Jacking

Crypto-jacking occurs when a cybercriminal compromises a victim’s system or another device and uses it to mine cryptocurrency, like Bitcoin. Crypto-jacking isn’t as well-known as other attack vectors. It doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t be cautious. This kind of attack is very difficult to spot for organizations. Cybercriminals can use significant amounts of network resources for mining Bitcoin without the organization even knowing. When we consider the possibility of stealing confidential data and bleeding resources in a company, theft of data is more concerning.