Why is Water Hygiene Essential?

What is water hygiene?

Persons without access to improved drinking water are forced to rely on sources such as surface water, unprotected/ contaminated wells, or vendors selling water of unverifiable provenance and quality.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene – or WASH – are issues that affect the health and wellbeing of every person in the world. Everyone needs clean water to drink, a safe place to go to the bathroom, and the ability to clean themselves. For many people, WASH concerns are taken for granted and their combined impact on life isn’t always appreciated.

But for millions of others, WASH is a constant source of stress and illness. The quality of water, sanitation and hygiene in a person’s life is directly correlated to poverty, as it is usually colluded with a lack of education, lack of opportunity and gender inequality.

Review your water hygiene also, if:

–          Water is stored / re-circulated as part of your system.

–          If there are deposits (rust, sludge, scale, organic matter) present which could encourage bacteria growth.

–          If water droplets are produced on-site (via wash / spray / showers / cooling towers etc)

–          If water temperature is between 20-40 ◦C in all or part of your system.

–          If you pre-treat water drawn from wells or if there are potential sources of contaminated water on-site.

–          If primary or secondary disinfection is required to protect water safety and improve water quality for potable and/or process water

–          If you are responsible for staff/persons who may require water to drink / wash / relieve themselves with.

What is the scope of the problem?

780 million people do not have regular access to clean water.

2.4 billion people, or 35% of the global population do not have access to adequate sanitation.

801,000 kids under the age of 5 die each year as a result of associated diarrhea, 88% of these cases are traced to contaminated water and lack of sanitation.

More than a billion people are infected by parasites from contaminated water or open defecation. One of these parasites is called the Guinea Worm Disease, which consists of worms up to 1 meter in size that emerge from the body through blisters.

How do industrial water treatment solutions work?

Industrial water treatment solutions, describe the process of removing organic and inorganic contaminants from effluent generated by industrial sites. The treated water can either be released into the environment, discharged into the sewer, or reused in plant processes.

Different industrial effluents contain different types and amounts of contamination, and as a result, the treatment process must be adapted in order to suit each company’s situation. There are 6 types of water sanitation processes:  

1.  Anaerobic wastewater treatment:

Breaks down organic using anaerobic microorganisms

2.  Aerobic wastewater treatment:

Breaks down organic contaminants using oxygen and aerobic microorganisms

3.  Clarification:

Removes suspended solids and particles by allowing them to settle.

4.  Evaporation:

Separates contaminants to produce concentrated steam.

 5.  Filtration:

Removes impurities using a semi-permeable membrane.

6.  Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF):

Separates suspended solids, oils, and grease from wastewater.

What are the benefits of water hygiene treatment?

There are numerous advantages in support of why you and your business should invest into industrial water treatment solutions. Some of the many potential benefits include:  

Environmental protection

Release fewer harmful pollutants into ecosystems

Compliance with discharge standards

Avoid costly fines or plant closure

Lower waste disposal costs

Save money by reusing treated water and reducing waste volumes.

Lower water supply costs

Save money by reusing treated water and reducing reliance on scarce freshwater supplies.

Income generation

Produce biogas (the anaerobic digestion) to inject into the grid.

Corporate citizenship

Boost company PR in a time of growing ecological concerns.-

As highlighted above, water hygiene is vital to human survival and existence, across all types of businesses and sectors. Yet, despite the severity of the issues presented, and the prominence of their existence within contemporary societies – there continues to be a lack of proper engagement and investment into water hygiene.There are 6 types of water treatment solutions, which if employed, contribute to: environmental protection, compliance with discharge standards, lower waste disposal costs, lower water supply costs, income generation and corporate citizenship. It is therefore within a company’s best interest to consult an industrial water treatment solution specialist – such as WaterCare – in order to decipher which of the processes is the most appropriate for your situation, and which enables you to best capitalize on the attainable benefits.