While photoperiodism is specific only to cannabis plants, it is found in many blooming plants that sense changes in the duration of the day and night and utilise those changes as signals to determine when to flower. Photoperiodic cannabis plants are exactly that; they are plants that respond to fluctuations in the length of the day’s light cycle.
When the evenings grow longer at the beginning of fall (in nature), or when the grow tent is adjusted to 12/12, the plant receives more darkness (in a grow tent).This prompts the plant to recognize that its life cycle is drawing to a close, and it will begin to blossom (in the case of females) or generate pollen (in the case of males) in order to reproduce before winter.
Photographic cannabis, sometimes known as regular cannabis, is cannabis that produces both male and female plants within the course of a single day. Regular seeds are so termed because they are produced in the “natural manner”: pollen from the male plant pollinates the female plant, resulting in the development of seeds. Regular seeds are produced in the “natural way” because they are produced in the “natural way.”
In the olden days, the only way to cultivate cannabis was to start with ordinary seeds, which would result in plants that were half male and half female. There is a significant difference between male and female plants; whereas female plants produce buds, male plants produce only pollen sacs, and so on.
It is natural for the pollen sacs of male cannabis plants to burst open, releasing pollen that will fertilise the female flowers, so resulting in the production of seeds. However, most producers who grow cannabis for commercial purposes or for their own enjoyment are only interested in buds; permitting males to pollinate buds would ruin their harvest because pollination reduces production, hence they are primarily interested in female cannabis plants.
Feminized seeds production
Feminized seeds were developed in order to entirely avoid accidental pollination as well as other difficulties associated with male plants. Feminized seeds are produced through a cross between two female plants, one of which is stressed to the point where it produces pollen sacs, which fertilize the other female plant. When you nurture feminized seeds, the offspring will only consist of female plants, as opposed to male plants.
A lot of the unneeded work that can be involved in producing men and then not being able to use them is eliminated as a result of this. Since the introduction of feminized seeds in 1998, growers have reduced their reliance on conventional seeds by a significant margin.
Nowadays, most seed banks no longer even offer normal seeds for purchase. With so much attention being paid to feminized seeds, it’s easy to forget that ordinary seeds are essential for the development of new strains.
By now, you should be aware that autoflowers are distinguished by the fact that they do not require a change in light cycle in order to reach the flowering stage. Because of their name, autoflowers begin flowering automatically based on their age, as opposed to conventional and feminized cannabis, which require a shift in the light cycle before they can begin flowering. When it comes to creating buds, autoflowers require nothing more than a little bit of time.
However, that characteristic did not develop out of nowhere; rather, it appeared as a result of an adaptation to the environment. You’ve probably heard of the terms Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa.
The autoflowering seeds are derived from the Cannabis Ruderalis plant. The Ruderalis species has evolved to survive in the highly cold and harsh temperatures of Asia, Europe, and Russia, as well as the polar regions. These areas have shorter warm seasons and cooler temperatures than the rest of the world.
As a result, Ruderalis began to mutate from a photoperiodic plant to an autoflowering plant in order to ensure its reproduction before the temperatures dropped below freezing point. With that adaption, we now have autoflowers that take significantly less time to grow from seed to harvest than traditional flowers.
Producing your own seeds is reasonably simple if you have the necessary equipment, but this does not imply that the output will be a perfect strain of marijuana. Strains that are considered to be good, or “IBLs,” that are sold by i49 are strains that have been bred for years and are in their third or fourth generation.
IBL, also known as stable strain, refers to the fact that the offspring will have specific features locked in. When you cross two strains for the first time, the progeny can have an endless variety of phenotypes, which is not desirable for commercialization.
We often overlook the importance of male cannabis plants when discussing the cannabis plant.Everyone nowadays is accustomed to the lovely blooms that we all enjoy, but it’s vital to remember that male cannabis plants are just as significant as female cannabis plants in terms of yield and quality. Male cannabis plants generate pollen, which is necessary for the reproduction of new cannabis plants.
Female cannabis plants do not produce pollen. Because it allows breeders to establish crosses with genetics from diverse plants and produce their own seeds, this pollen is extremely significant in the breeding process. Pollen and buds are all that are required for the production of seeds.
Marijuana pollen is no different from other plants’ pollen, which is why it is classified as such. It is a fine powder with a golden yellow tint that is secreted from the pollen sac of male plants. It is found in small amounts in the soil.
Getting pollen is easy. When the pollen sacks are open and pollen is floating in the air and on nearby leaves, it’s ready to gather. This is when you can carefully remove the sacs and keep them in a ziplock bag until you are ready to pollinate.
Alternatively, stimulate your male plants near the female plants to get pollen on the buds. Pollen helps pollinate female plants and produce seeds. In nature, male pollen is carried by the wind to female plants. After pollination, the calyxes start to round up as the seeds develop inside them.