Glaucoma is an eye condition which damages your optic nerve. It often gets worse with time. People get glaucoma due to a buildup of pressure within their eyes.
This increased eye pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage your optic nerve. The optic nerve is the nerve responsible for sending images to the brain. The worsening of the optic nerve damage can lead to permanent vision loss or permanent blindness within a few years.
People with glaucoma generally don’t experience any pain or other symptoms initially. You should get frequent eye checkups for early diagnosis of glaucoma and appropriate treatment.
Remember, if you lose vision, it couldn’t be retrieved. There are various treatment alternatives available for glaucoma, which helps alleviate intraocular pressure and prevent permanent blindness.
What Causes Glaucoma?
There’s a fluid called aqueous humor inside your eyes, which flows out of your eyes through a mesh-like channel. If this channel gets clogged or your eyes produce excessive amounts of fluid, the liquid stockpiles. In most cases, experts aren’t sure what leads to this blockage, but it may pass from parents to their children.
In rare cases, some other factors may cause you to develop glaucoma, including a severe eye infection, blunt or chemical injury to your eye, and other inflammatory conditions. Eye surgery to treat another eye condition can sometimes also cause glaucoma. It generally affects both eyes, although it might be worse in one than the other.
Who Is At A Risk For Glaucoma?
You are at a significantly higher risk for developing glaucoma if you:
- Are over 40 years of age
- Are of Russian, Irish, African American, Hispanic, Japanese, Inuit, or Scandinavian descent
- Have a family history of glaucoma
- Have poor vision
- Have myopia or hypermetropia
- Have diabetes
- Have corneas that are thinner than usual
- Ever had an injury to either or both of your eyes
- Have high eye pressure
- Take some steroid medications
- Take some medications for seizures or bladder control, or some over-the-counter drugs for cold
What Are The Types Of Glaucoma?
There are two primary types of glaucoma:
- Open-angle glaucoma: This is one of the most common types of glaucoma, and some doctors also refer to it as “wide-angle glaucoma”. The trabecular meshwork, which is the drain canal of the eyes, appears to be normal, but the fluid doesn’t move as it should.
- Angle-closure glaucoma: This type of glaucoma is more common in Asia. It is also sometimes referred to as acute or chronic angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma. Your eyes become unable to drain properly as the drain space between your iris and cornea narrows down. This may lead to a sudden accumulation of pressure inside your eyes. This condition is also correlated to cataracts and hypermetropia.
Rare types of glaucoma:
- Secondary glaucoma: It occurs when another condition, such as diabetes or cataract, increases pressure within your eyes.
- Normal-tension glaucoma: Also called normal pressure or low tension glaucoma, is a condition in which damage to the optic nerves occurs without intraocular pressure exceeding the normal range. The normal intraocular pressure ranges between 12 and 22 mm Hg.
- Pigmentary glaucoma: In this type of glaucoma, tiny fragments from your iris get into the fluid present in your eye and block the drainage canals.
What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma?
Most types of glaucoma don’t cause any pain or symptoms until discernible vision loss occurs. However, acute angle closure may cause you to develop certain sudden symptoms, including blurry vision, intense eye pain, halos around lights, nausea, vomiting, etc.
If you experience such symptoms, seek immediate medical assistance to prevent permanent vision loss.
How Is Glaucoma Treated?
There are various treatment alternatives available for Glaucoma, including medications, laser treatment, surgery, etc. The severity of your condition helps your doctor to determine the most appropriate treatment. Eye drops with medication aimed at reducing intraocular pressure are generally tried first to control glaucoma.
Glaucoma is painless in most cases, and this can make you careless regarding the strict use of eye drops. Please follow the instruction of your doctor for the appropriate use of eye drops, as this can help prevent total vision loss.
How Careprost Helps Treat Glaucoma?
Careprost is a Bimatoprost brand medication that you need to use regularly before bedtime. People all across the globe use this ophthalmic solution to regulate intraocular pressure, treat various types of glaucoma, and promote eyelash growth. Careprost belongs to the class of drugs called prostamide analogs, which increases the outflow of aqueous humor by decreasing intraocular pressure.
Regular use of careprost 3ml was found to be more effective than any other ophthalmic solution for treating glaucoma. You can use this product even if you are diagnosed with increased pressure in your eye. Make sure to get your eyes checked frequently so that you can treat increased eye pressure before it leads to glaucoma.
Generally, a prostaglandin analog such as careprost 3 ml can minimize intraocular pressure by 25 – 30%. You may experience maximum therapeutic effects within two weeks. One drop a day for each eye is considered to be enough. If you use it more often, the efficacy of medication for you may decrease. You need to use careprost consistently without skipping any dose and at the recommended dosage. Adherence is the key to the success of any medical treatment, including glaucoma.
If you use contact lenses, kindly remove them before instilling eye drops. Also, you should only try inserting the lens again at least after 15 minutes of using careprost. You can also experience improvement in the eyelash length, thickness, and a number of lash strands with careprost 3 ml.
Precautions For Taking Careprost
Before using careprost, inform your doctor if you have ever had an allergic response to careprost or any other medication. Also, share your complete medical history with your doctor and help your doctor decide whether the medication would be suitable for you. Pregnant women should use careprost only after consulting a doctor. This drug may also pass to breast milk and so ask your doctor if it would be safe for you to breastfeed.
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Glaucoma is an eye condition which damages your optic nerve. What causes it? What are its different types, and how are they treated? Click here to find out.