Pune, also called Poona, is a city in western India known as the cultural capital of the Maratha people. The city has long been a major educational center and referred to as the “Oxford and Cambridge of India.” Along with other institutions, the University of Pune is renowned for research and home to more than 20,000 ancient manuscripts.
Today, Pune is a growing industrial and urban hub. Because of this, many people are choosing to settle in the city. As the population grows, the demand for many services increases, including skin and hair treatment.
Millions of men and women in India suffer hair conditions such as alopecia areata. It causes hair to fall out in small patches due to an autoimmune response that targets the hair follicles. In severe cases, complete loss of the hair on the scalp or entire body can occur.
People affected by this condition will have no difficulty finding a facility for an alopecia areata treatment in Pune due to the availability of many skin and hair treatment centers. Specialists are constantly finding new methods to reduce hair loss or quicken hair growth.
Causes and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition wherein the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing them to shrink and stop producing hair, leading to hair loss. The exact cause for this condition is still unknown, but research shows that genetics might be a contributing factor.
Alopecia areata is more likely to occur in those with a family history of other autoimmune conditions such as type 1 diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. Certain environmental factors might also trigger this condition in people who are genetically predisposed to it.
A person suffering from alopecia areata usually experiences hair falling out in small patches on the scalp or other parts of the face like the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, and other areas of the body. Clumps of hair may be seen on their pillow or in the shower when they wash.
Both men and women can experience alopecia areata, although females are most likely to develop them. Unlike female pattern hair loss, the falling out of one’s hair occur all at once and gradually expands to other areas. The hair may grow back after some time but may fall out again.
Treatment Methods for Alopecia Areata
Treatment for alopecia areata may vary from person to person, depending on their age and severity of the condition. Some of the best alopecia areata treatment in Prune involves methods for both mild and extensive cases. However, there are common non-invasive options and natural remedies that also show significant results.
Some of the non-invasive treatment options are corticosteroids, OTC drugs, and injections. Natural and alternative methods include aromatherapy, acupuncture, changing one’s diet, using essential oils, and photochemotherapy. Probiotics, zinc, and biotin should be incorporated into one’s diet to promote hair growth.
For treating mild alopecia areata, specialists recommend the following treatment methods:
- Intralesional Corticosteroid Injections – Thistemporary treatment involves injecting an intralesional steroid directly into a lesion or immediately below the skin. Within four weeks, new hair can visibly start growing. Reinjection is recommended once the patches reappear.
- Topical Minoxidil – This ointment is applied to treat alopecia in both men and women, especially for those who lost their hair due to chemotherapy or after hair replacement surgery. For adults, the suggested amount to apply to the affected area is one milliliter. It can cause mild irritation, itching, flaking, and burning sensation.
- Anthralin Cream or Ointment – It is a tar-like substance applied to the affected area and left for an hour or so until it is washed off. This ointment is known to slow down skin cells’ growth and usually prescribed to patients with long-term psoriasis.
Keep in mind that these treatments should be prescribed by a licensed dermatologist depending on the extent of hair loss, pre-existing conditions, and the rate of effectiveness for individual cases.
For more severe cases of alopecia areata, the following treatments can be prescribed.
- Oral Corticosteroids – These are pills suited for more extensive cases of alopecia such as alopecia totalis andalopecia universalis. Because of their known side effects, they are typically not recommended for older people, especially those with high blood pressure or weakened immune systems.
- Topical Immunotherapy – This method is known as one of the best treatments for severe cases of alopecia areata, where the patches on the scalp are bigger and very noticeable. Affected patients with weak immune systems are advised to take this treatment due to its effectiveness. Hair regrowth normally starts six months after treatment.
Hair treatment centers in Pune offer several options for treating mild and extensive alopecia areata. The fastest way to effectively treat alopecia areata is by taking intralesional corticosteroid injections or oral corticosteroids, which require reinjection and long-term intake.