What Is the Employer and Employee Identification Number?

The human resource and accounting department use identification numbers to track employee payments. On the other hand, a hired individual will study the employer identification number to authenticate their income streams. Here is everything you need to know about a feature on a paystub that is often overlooked.

How to define an employee identification number?

Paycheck stubs are essential documents that mention the employee’s net and gross pay for the present period. The paycheck will mention the social security number. The identification number will include earnings and salaries to the Federal Authority.

An employee identification number is a unique code that recognizes the employee as part of the business. Mainly, the identification comprises of nine numbers. Companies will use the term “federal employee identification number” for maintaining payroll and tax records.

Whenever an individual starts a new job, the employer will ask for their social security number. The employer will use the information to maintain salary records for the federal authority.

The benefits you receive, such as health and pension, are also linked to the employee identification number. The employer will use the combination to pay a direct deposit to your bank account.

How to define an employer identification number?

An employer identification number is a distinctive nine-digit combination issued to a business. The Internal Revenue Service uses the identification number to recognize the corporation’s actions. Furthermore, the employee identification number is also the basis of tax reporting.

A company submits yearly or quarterly tax returns if they hire employees and are registered as a form of business. Furthermore, the number is linked to withhold taxes on wages associated with the employee identification number.

Before a corporate entity can begin operating in the market, it must meet specific conditions to attain the employer identification number. It is also a requirement for opening business bank accounts and attaining loans.

Getting an employer identification number is free at the IRS website.

Who assigns these numbers?

  1. An employer identification number is a nine-digit number the Internal Revenue Service gives to all businesses in the USA.
  2. Federal taxes are also paid based on the unique number. Employer Identification Number and Federal Employer Identification are interchangeable terms.
  3. The Social Security Administration will assign the employee identification number, a unique code given to employees eligible to work in the USA. The number communicates wages to the government. Furthermore, the employee identification number also assesses the eligibility criteria for social security benefits.

Other information on the paystub

You will notice the following information on a paystub other than the employee and employer identification number.

  1. The gross pay is the initial figure before deductions
  2. The federal taxes are mentioned after gross pay, such as medical insurance and contribution to the retirement fund.
  3. The net pay results from deductions subtracted from gross pay. This amount is transferred to the bank account.
  4. The pay period is the time for which the amount corresponds.

The Bottom Line

Employee and employer identification numbers are crucial parts of the paystub composition. If you have any confusion about the particulars, contact the employer immediately. You can also study it for tax reasons. However, do not share the unique combination with unknown individuals.


Sudarsan Chakraborty is a professional writer. He contributes to many high-quality blogs. He loves to write on various topics.

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