What is the best technique for electronic waste disposal?

It is essential to give the right treatment for waste according to its nature. Only then will the environment suffer the least possible negative impact and the company will avoid penalties.

Hiring a specialized company is a solution adopted by many companies and industries for the global management of waste, especially if they are classified as hazardous.

Electronic waste is in this category. Therefore, the care with its management and destination must be doubled. See, then, what would be the best technique for the disposal of electronic waste!

India and electronic waste (or e-waste)

Did you know that India occupies a prominent position in the generation of electronic waste? According to a Global e-Waste Monitor study done by the United Nations (United Nations) in 2017, our country was the leader in electronic waste in all of Latin America, with the production of one and a half tons of e-waste per year. Only 3% of that volume was properly collected for recycling or properly disposed of

On the American continent, India was second only to the United States. This is a relatively recent survey, which is still valid to guide us on environmental responsibility in relation to electronic waste.

The dangers of electronic waste

The electronic waste has a chemical composition with substances that are very harmful to the environment and human health. E-waste includes computers, televisions, cell phones, drones, stereos and their components, among many other objects.

In fact, the so-called e-waste involves a wide variety of products, from “white goods” (refrigerators, microwaves, washing machines) to the electronic equipment that we mentioned in the previous paragraph. Cartridges, batteries, batteries, toners are also part of this group, since they are components of computers, printers, cell phones, radios, TVs.

In China and India, developing countries, there is a growing concern about contamination caused by electronic waste. In India, we can mention a striking case: which after the deactivation, left the land contaminated with heavy metals from batteries.

Exposure to heavy metals causes serious damage to the environment and health, such as neurological, cardiovascular and liver diseases.

Proper disposal for electronic waste

Reverse manufacturing is the best solution to avoid the incorrect disposal of electronic waste. From the selective collection, the electronic waste is separated from the other types of waste. The company / industry that generates the waste defines collection points so that the consumer can dispose of the electronics in the correct way.

At these points, the e-waste is collected by the company / industry and taken to the appropriate treatment in appropriate facilities. To guarantee an efficient work, it is worth counting on the consultancy and the performance of a company specialized in the global management of waste, which can carry out treatment in its own facilities with the necessary security.

If there is any biological risk in some residues, they are sent for decontamination before proceeding to the disassembly and de-characterization stage. Finally, they are destined for recycling, as determined by the Solid Waste Policy and the circular economy.

Tailings and waste recycling

Some items that cannot be recycled in the conventional way are called “tailings” and their final disposal used to be, in most cases, landfills, after they were decontaminated. Today, fortunately, new technologies allow a new destination for tailings.

In some specialized companies, for example, they are reused through thermal recycling, as a source of energy generation. In this way, the volume increase in landfills is avoided. As an energy source, these wastes still contribute to reduce the exploitation of fossil fuels.

The electronic waste is dangerous and must be managed properly! It is advisable to look for a company that has more advanced technologies to carry out the global management of all waste and also guarantee the tax deductibility for the generating company.

Shall we know a little more about circular economy? See more details about what reverse manufacturing is and how it works. Its importance is highly relevant to the sustainability of companies!

Read also: Can having a partner company specializing in waste management be a competitive advantage?