What is Identity and Access Management(IAM)?

The management that covers products, processes, and policies which is used to look over and adjust user identities and controls user access in an organization.

Most important concepts in IAM were ‘Access’ and ‘User’. “Access” gives permission to the user to create, delete, view or change a file. “Users” can be anyone attached to the organization like employees, suppliers, partners, customers or contractors. After That, employees can be segmented based on their role.

Necessities of IAM 

The IAM system is mainly designed for three key works: identify, authenticate and authorize. These give access to only right persons who can access computers, hardware, software apps, any IT resources or perform specific tasks.

Some main components that make an IAM framework:

  • A database which contains all the information about users’ identities and access privileges,
  •  For creating, modifying, monitoring, and deleting access privileges, IAM tools are used,
  • Login and access history can be audited with this system.

Examples

To understand it easily here are some simple examples of Identity and Access management at work.

  • A production operator may view an online work procedure but will be unable to modify, delete or change it. On the other hand, a supervisor has the power to view as well as modify the file or create a new file. If the IAM system will not be applied then incase anyone can modify the document which will lead to a serious disastrous effect.

Role Based Access

Some IAM systems use Role-Based Access Control(RBAC). This system includes many predefined job roles with specific sets of access privileges. For example, if a HR officer is in charge, then the officer is given access to payroll and salary files.

Single Sign On

Many IAM systems use Single Sign-On(SSO). SSO gives an advantage that users only require to verify them a single time. Then they will be given  access to all the systems instead of giving access to each system a time.

Two Factor Authentication

It always verifies with two factor authentication and then logs you in. However, you can turn off two factor authentication if you want.

Benefits Of IAM

Some of the important and primary benefits of IAM were as follows:

  • IAM enhances security: The most important benefit from IAM is its enhanced security. BY controlling user access it becomes easy for companies to eliminate instances of data breaches, identity theft, and illegal access to confidential information. IAM helps in the prevention of the spread of compromised login credentials, provides protection against some ransomware, hacking, and other kinds of cyber attacks.
  • IAM allows collaboration and enhances productivity:Companies can  provide outsiders like customers,suppliers and visitors the access to their network without jeopardizing security.