Since an app to check blood pressure can now more and more often be found on consumers’ phones, it is practical to learn more about blood pressure per se.
Blood pressure measure is one of the most common vital metrics in medicine – and rightfully so. It provides crucial information about the current status of the cardiovascular system, how it reacts to both normal and abnormal loads, and consequently what reserve capability it has.
Being stressed for an extended period of time isn’t good for us. Constant stress can lead to more sickness. It may exacerbate any underlying discomfort and make it feel even worse. Nitric Oxide Supplement aids in the maintenance of proper blood pressure by opening up blood vessels, increasing circulation and blood flow.
The advancements of our age made blood pressure control more accessible than ever. It costs nothing to download any free blood pressure app, enter blood pressure regularly, and see neat, arranged charts. Alternatively, using a smart blood pressure tracker coupled with a blood pressure monitor app is a possibility. Incredibly, you can even take blood pressure with iPhone – truly a miraculous display of human prowess and genius.
Alas, the pure knowledge of what blood pressure is has been lagging behind for a while, not being able to keep up with technological breakthroughs. Therefore, in this article, there will be a brief explanation of the physiological phenomenon of blood pressure, its implications, and management.
What do your blood pressure numbers mean?
While being simple in concept, blood pressure is a valuable diagnostic tool. For example, you can easily discern your increased blood pressure – hypertension. However, the best way to manage your blood pressure is to understand its values.
Take attention – arterial blood pressure consists of two numbers in millimeters of hydrargyrum. The first one shows the systolic pressure – during heart contraction. The second one is diastolic, which measures the pressure during heart rest. Diastolic pressure is almost always lower than systolic.
Normal blood pressure
Blood pressure numbers ranging between 100/60 and 120/80 are considered healthy in most of the population. Consequently, if your results are among these borders, you can be considered to be clinically healthy. Just don’t abandon a healthy lifestyle out of arrogance!
Elevated blood pressure
Elevated blood pressure, which is 120-129 mm Hg, is not considered a proper illness but rather a risk factor predisposing to hypertension. As such, elevated blood pressure is a warning sign that should make you reassess your lifestyle. High blood pressure is perfectly reversible, so have no delays in changing your ways.
High blood pressure
Systolic pressure higher than 129 and a corresponding diastolic pressure of 100+ is considered high blood pressure. That occurs naturally in demanding conditions like stress or heat or physical exercise, but chronic high blood pressure is a sign of a disease called arterial hypertension.
Arterial hypertension can be of unknown, apparent etiology (primary, idiopathic arterial hypertension) or caused by other somatic pathologies like kidney or endocrine disease (secondary hypertension). The former can be treated pathogenetically by changing lifestyle and adjusting to diet (early stages) or specific blood pressure drugs (later stages). However, the latter can only be treated symptomatically for a while since the primary causal illness should be cured first.
Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure – hypotension – denotes values lower than 100/60. Hypotension is rarely chronic, usually in cachectic or generally feeble people. Far more often is encountered acute low blood pressure, which is a dangerous condition that could lead to life-endangering shock and collapse.
Monitoring your blood pressure at home
This advice encompasses all the stuff you should not be doing at least 30 minutes before measurements since they could tinker with it. So, be still. Do not smoke or drink alcohol. Do not consume any caffeine. Additionally, ensure at least 5 minutes of calming down before proceeding with measurements.
While sitting, your back should be straight, and additional support is required. Your feet ought to lay flat – and without any legs’ crossing. Your measure arm should lay upon something solid and flat, with the shoulder being at a heart level. The cuff should be on the shoulder, with its bottom just above the ulnar fossa.
Measure at the same time every day
Due to the circadian rhythms, it is normal for your blood pressure to change throughout the day. Therefore, if you want to make a valid comparison of blood pressure results, you should take your readings at the exact time every day.
Take multiple readings and record the results
Despite the overall accuracy of modern consumer tech, there are still discrepancies and margins of error in readings. Therefore, it is wise to take 2-3 consequent readings one minute apart, record the results, and then count the arithmetic mean.
The complications of high blood pressure
Hypertensive crisis is an acute increase of systolic blood pressure over 200 mm Hg. It is a life-threatening emergency that should be treated by medical professionals urgently, without any delay. The victims of hypertensive crisis can often feel its onset by severe headache, dizziness, and noise in the ears. They may feel disoriented, anxious, and lost, and they experience shortness of breath and blurred vision. Additionally, their face becomes red due to a rush of blood.
The danger of hypertensive crisis lies in the rupture of blood vessels, whose walls are already weakened by chronic high pressure. While some vessels’ ruptures (like those on the eye’s sclera) are relatively undangerous, others are incredibly severe and can be fatal, like the rupture of brain vessels, which is called a stroke. That leads to cerebral hemorrhage and the ischemic necrosis of parts of gray matter.
An aneurysm is a chronic blood vessel condition caused by constant high pressure. It is an outward balloon-like bulging where the blood vessel’s wall was weakened and therefore protruded. The aneurysm can be theoretically encountered on any blood vessel, yet the aortic aneurysm or brain vessel’s aneurysm is most common.
Aneurysms themselves do not have pronounced symptoms at all. Unfortunately, that is a dangerous trait since people without symptoms and complaints typically do not visit physicians. As a result, an aneurysm is usually not discovered – until it is too late. The rupture of aortic or brain aneurysms is almost always fatal – victims simply bleed out inside in a matter of minutes.