Sepsis is a reaction of your body to extreme infection. It can be very dangerous and cause life-threatening complications. According to the healthcare providers, there are three stages of sepsis. They can be described as:
- Sepsis- inflammation, and infection in the body that reaches the bloodstream.
- Severe sepsis- an infection that is severe enough to affect organ functioning. If not treated promptly with heavy medications, it can cause irreversible damage to the organ.
- Septic shock- a condition in which blood pressure drops too low, leading to respiratory failure, organ dysfunction, and possibly death. When blood pressure is too low, the blood can not reach the organs, resulting in irreversible damage to them. This condition needs to be treated as soon as possible.
Most commonly, sepsis occurs due to bacterial infection. However, it can occur due to other causes too. Sepsis and septic shock can happen to anyone. For more information, you can visit oladoc.com.
What Are The Symptoms of a Septic Shock?
In the initial stages, the symptoms of sepsis are not severe and may resemble the normal flu or infection. However, it is a medical emergency and needs to be treated urgently. It shows up as an infection that does not seem to improve. Sepsis may show the symptoms, such as:
- Fast and pounding heart
- Chills or fever
- Rapid breathing
These symptoms can also indicate some other health conditions. Therefore it is essential to see a healthcare provider soon. Sepsis can turn into septic shock quickly and may show up as:
- Low urine output
- Severe difficulty in breathing
- Cyanosis- bluish discoloration of lips or digits
Extremely low blood pressure due to septic shock can lead to irreversible organ damage. It happens because blood can not reach the organs. Therefore they do not get the nutrients and oxygen on which they survive. Low blood pressure due to septic shock may not respond to fluid replacement.
What Causes Septic Shock?
Septic shock occurs due to sepsis that happens due to infections. The cause for sepsis can be:
- Infections of the abdomen or digestive tract
- Respiratory tract infections such as pneumonia
- Reproductive system infections
- Urinary tract infections
Infections, when left untreated, can turn into sepsis and septic shock.
What Are The Risk Factors for Septic Shock?
Prior illness and old age can put you at risk of septic shock. Other than that, factors that can raise the chances of septic shock are the population, such as:
- Old aged people
- Pregnant women
- People have a weak immune system due to long-term immunosuppressant intake such as corticosteroids intake or having other health conditions such as kidney disease, cirrhosis of the liver, AIDS, and cancer.
Other factors that can raise the chances of septic shock are:
- Being in the hospital for a long time
- Recovering from a surgery
- Getting various devices inserted into the body such as urinary catheters, breathing tubes, or intravenous catheters that can introduce bacteria into the body.
What Are The Complications of Septic Shock?
Septic shock is a dangerous condition that is life-threatening. It can lead to fatal complications as blood can not reach the organs, thereby causing:
- Kidney failure
- Liver failure
- Respiratory failure
- Liver failure
It can also lead to:
- Heart failure
- Abnormal blood clotting
The complications and outcome of septic shock may depend upon various factors, such as:
- Increasing age
- How early do you receive treatment
- Origin and cause of the sepsis
- Preexisting medical conditions
- Medications you have been taking for long term
The Bottom Line
Septic shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs due to infection. Therefore if you or any of your loved ones has signs and symptoms of infection such as fever or body aches, do not delay and visit the healthcare provider soon. If you have symptoms of infection visit the best internal medicine specialist in Islamabad.