The pH balance in the body, also known as the acid-base balance, determines the level of acid and base in the blood at which the body functions best. Fortunately, the body has its own ways of maintaining its pH naturally. Besides the contribution of the kidneys and lungs, acid-based homeostasis also happens to make the body’s pH be normalized.
According to Alkaline Naturals , any problem on the kidneys or lungs can also affect how the body normalizes its pH. When there is a pH disruption, the body can experience either acidosis or alkalosis. While acidosis refers to acidic blood, alkalosis happens when the body, especially the blood, is too alkaline or basic.
When these happen, dietary changes aren’t the only answer, but medical treatments are needed.
What is Alkalosis?
Alkalosis is a condition wherein the fluids in the body has too much alkaline. Some of its causes include decreased levels of carbon dioxide and increased bicarbonate.
There are different types of alkalosis:
Usually happens when the blood has low levels of carbon dioxide, it is caused by:
- Experiencing fever
- Staying in a place with high altitude
- Complications from liver and lung disease
- Oxygen deficiency
- Aspirin toxicity
This kind of alkaline excess occurs when there is too much bicarbonate in the blood. Having a kidney disease is one of the causes of this alkaline complication.
Meanwhile, hypochloremic alkalosis takes place when the body experiences losing of chloride. This is usually experienced by people who had prolonged vomiting.
On the other hand, this high alkaline problem happens to people who are taking water or diuretic pills. It takes place when the kidney responds to the body’s loss of potassium content.
Finally, this alkaline problem happens when the body returns on its acid-base balance after it experiences alkalosis. However, the amount of bicarbonate and carbon dioxide is still insufficient.
Symptoms of Alkalosis
The mild alkalosis may not manifest any symptoms. Sometimes, it can be attributed to other usual problems and symptoms like fatigue. But in the case of sever alkalosis, there are increased episodes of difficulty in breathing and seizures. Unfortunately, these can cause other conditions like coma and worse, death.
To know when a person has severe alkalosis, here are some of its symptoms:
- Trembling of hands
- Jerking of muscles
- Numbness of hands, face, and feet
- Prolonged spasms in the muscles
How to Determine an Alkalosis
Blood gases and electrolyte tests are primarily done to determine if a person has an acid-base imbalance. Moreover, it will also identify its severity, and the possible diseases or complications that have caused it.
These tests are also done as monitoring to critically-ill people, especially those with chronic lung and kidney diseases.
Most of the time, alkalosis is treated by addressing the root cause of the imbalance.