What Are The Different types of Tread Patterns?

Tread is defined as the rubber substance which surrounds the circumference of the tyre and makes contact with the road. Tread provides enhanced grip and effective traction while driving. Tread tends to wear off with time and usage. It needs to be maintained from time to time.

A tyre’s tread design basically comprises of grooves, sipes, tread blocks, tread blocks, ribs and cross slots. But do you know how the tread pattern of a tyre can contribute to the vehicle’s performance and handling? To understand this let us first understand about different patterns of the tread.

There are basically three types of tread patterns namely-

  1. Directional tread pattern
  2. Symmetrical tread pattern
  3. Asymmetrical tread pattern

Annaite tyres is a renowned brand name in tyre manufacturing industry and we deal in all tyres namely winter tyres, summer tyres and all-season tyres offered by the brand. We also specialize in tyres Hull having different tread patterns.

Directional tread pattern

As the name suggests, the directional tread pattern is designed to roll in only single direction. They can be rotated only using a front to back and back to front pattern. These tyres fall into the category of high performance and winter tyres. These tyres have an arrow-shaped tread pattern and are capable of displacing the water on the road when water comes in contact with the tyre. That is why tyres having directional tread pattern offers resistance to aquaplaning. They provide efficient grip while driving on snowy roads at high speed.

Symmetrical tread pattern

Symmetric tread pattern is the most common tread pattern which is used in tyres. It is different from a directional tread pattern as the tyre can be fitted and rotated in both directions. In terms of design, inner and outer sides of the tread are identical to each other in the symmetrical tyre tread pattern. They offer a noiseless and smooth driving experience. Low rolling resistance results in less fuel consumption which in turn results in longer life of the tyres. That is why they are also considered to be a cost-effective option for your car tyres.

Asymmetrical tread pattern

Like their name, asymmetrical tyres have different tread design on inner and outer halves. There are two types of tread blocks used in each half. The inner side of the tread has small tread blocks and more channels. It is responsible for displacing water to support resistance against aquaplaning. The outer side has more rigid tread blocks which increase the contact area of the tyre with road. It helps in providing better cornering grip. It ensures efficient driving experience while driving on dry roads.