What Are the Different Types of Nurse Practitioners?

Can you imagine a hospital without nurses? Even if we try, we cannot envision the image of a hospital without nurses. Had there been no nurse in the healthcare industry, the injured in the wars would have succumbed to death. Nurses have been serving humanity for ages. Their services date back to history, and they have been helping others through battlefields and epidemics. Today, with a pandemic like COVID-19, the nurses stood beside doctors and did not flinch in assisting the patients. They are the frontline fighters and the first to attend to our needs as soon as we enter a hospital. Whether treating an injury in the ER or taking a patient’s history, a nurse is always there.

Nurses comprise a larger portion of the healthcare industry. Without them, it will be hard for the hospitals and healthcare industry to survive. The career of nursing is the noblest and rewarding. A gallop survey says that it is the most trusted profession offering job satisfaction. From looking after neonates to handling older adults in nursing homes, nurses work in different settings. Same as doctors, there are different kinds of specialization in this career.

Nurses are trained individuals to look after people, educate them about their health, and coordinate with the doctors for their improvement. Suppose you are a nursing student or working as an intern. In that case, it is vital to know the type of specializations that you can explore and pursue as your career. We have gathered some details about different types of nursing. Let us explore the uniqueness among them.

 

  1. Family Nurse Practitioners

These nurse practitioners provide primary care to patients of every age. Their responsibilities include looking after neonates to aged people and handling them accordingly. They examine their vitals, diagnose issues, and also develop treatment plans for the patients. You can enroll in family nurse practitioner online programs to pursue your career in this field. As an FNP, you can also teach patients about basic health principles to help them prevent disease. They work in different work settings like hospitals, doctors’ offices, clinics, or even nursing homes.

 

  1. Mental Health Nurse Practitioners

As much as we do not like to talk about mental health issues, they exist! Patients suffering from mental health issues require care and attention. These nurse practitioners are responsible for providing a full range of primary healthcare services to these patients. They diagnose and assess issues in patients with mental health or psychiatric issues. They also bridge the information to the doctor to devise a better treatment plan for these individuals. They help patients to cope with anxiety, depression, insomnia, and much more. These nurses also help in promoting mental health and mental rehabilitation to patients having severe conditions.

 

  1. Oncology Nurse Practitioners

These nurse practitioners work closely with doctors, surgeons, and therapists, families, and palliative caregivers. They are responsible for looking after patients diagnoses with cancer. These practitioners can only work in oncology settings as they get unique training to help cancer patients. They manage cancer patients’ physiological and psychological needs and educate their families about preventive care measures. They work in medical settings like palliative care centers, private practices, and hospitals.

 

  1. Women Nurse Practitioners

These nurse practitioners shoulder the responsibility of providing ongoing and comprehensive care to women throughout their lifespan. They perform physical examinations focusing on obstetric and gynecologic conditions. They assist women through their pregnancy, childbirth, or to deal with postpartum depression. They also play a vibrant role in teaching women about essential health and hygiene-related to their health conditions. These trained nurses have detailed information about women’s mental health. They often help women overcome their traumas like sexual abuse, domestic violence, or drug addiction.

 

  1. Acute Care Nurse Practitioners

Their responsibilities resemble family nurse practitioners. They provide healthcare services to people in acute settings like injuries or accidents. They work in emergency rooms, inpatient hospitals, and other settings requiring their services. They specialize in giving treatment to children who have complex acute or chronic illnesses. They also offer consultation, education, and other services to children in critical care facilities.

 

  1. Pediatric Nurse Practitioners

These nurses have a unique role in extending their services to neonates and other children until their adolescence. They play a substantial role in ensuring that children grow healthy. They are responsible for providing vaccination shots and regular check-ups according to a child’s health and needs. They educate children and their parents about their nutrition, exercise, and positive lifestyle. They know ways to effectively communicate with children as they do not open up to strangers. As a pediatric nurse practitioner, you can work in hospitals, nurseries, and even schools.

 

Conclusion

Nurses play a vital role in our lives. They are the first to receive us when we enter a hospital and listen to our issues patiently. They coordinate with doctors and other teams to convey information about patient safety and treatment. Nurses get to interact with patients frequently; hence they can suggest better treatment options to the doctor. They keep a close check on a patient’s health and coordinate with doctors. The field of nursing has evolved dramatically over the years. It has potential growth opportunities in the upcoming years. Securing a career in nursing is comfortable with a relevant degree. You can be a registered nurse or opt for specialization according to your niche and area of expertise.