What are gum diseases, and how to address those effectively?

Gum disease is an all-too-common condition that affects many people. It is caused by an infection of the gums, which can lead to serious health problems. Various factors, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, and medications, can cause gum disease. This blog will discuss the causes of gum disease, its symptoms, and the various treatment options.

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. Its early stage, called gingivitis, can cause redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums when you brush your teeth. If you don’t treat it, gingivitis can lead to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis.

Symptoms of periodontitis include bad breath, gum recession, loose teeth, and pus between your teeth and gums. If you notice any of these symptoms, visit the dental clinic near you and make an appointment. For instance, you can book a visit to a dental clinic in Calgary and check for gum diseases.

What are gum diseases?

A buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth causes gum disease. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that forms on the teeth and gums. Tartar, also known as calculus, is a hard, yellowish substance that accumulates on the teeth, usually near the gum line. Plaque and tartar comprise bacteria, food particles, and saliva. When plaque and tartar are not removed, they can harden into tartar and cause inflammation in the gums. This inflammation can lead to gum disease, also known as periodontal disease.

There are several risk factors for gum disease, including poor oral hygiene, smoking, certain medical conditions, and certain medications. Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing and flossing twice a day and not visiting the dentist regularly, can cause plaque and tartar to build up on the teeth. Smoking can also increase the risk of gum disease, as can certain medical conditions such as diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and leukemia. Certain medications, such as certain types of birth control, can also increase the risk of gum disease.

Common Symptoms of Gum Diseases

The symptoms of gum disease can vary from person to person, but some of the most common symptoms include the following—

1. Bleeding gums: Gum tissues are usually firm and pink in healthy individuals, but if you experience bleeding when brushing or flossing could be a sign of gum disease.

2. Swollen gums: Swelling around the teeth is a sign of infection and may indicate the presence of gum disease.

3. Bad breath: Gum disease can cause bad breath, or halitosis, due to the bacteria in the mouth.

4. Receding gums: This can signify gum disease as the tissue is pulled away from the teeth.

5. Loose teeth: As the gums recede, the teeth can become loose, leading to tooth loss if the disease is not treated.

6. Pain: Pain in the gums and the teeth may be a sign of gum disease.

Treatment Options for Gum Disease

Treatment Options for Gum Disease The first step in treating gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing at least twice a day and visiting your dentist for regular cleanings are important. Your dentist can help remove the plaque and tartar that have built up on your teeth and recommend a mouthwash to reduce the bacteria in your mouth.

In more serious cases of gum disease, your dentist may recommend a deeper cleaning procedure known as scaling and root planing. This procedure involves the removal of plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smoothing the roots of your teeth to prevent future plaque buildup.

In some cases, your dentist may recommend surgery to treat gum disease. Surgery may be necessary to remove diseased tissue and bone or to restore the function and appearance of your gums.

Here are some of the other treatment options for gum diseases

1. Non-surgical treatment: This is the first line of treatment for gum disease. It includes good oral hygiene practices like brushing, flossing and scaling. Scaling is a procedure in which tartar and plaque are removed from the surface of the teeth and below the gum line. A dental hygienist usually does it. The goal of this treatment is to remove the bacteria that cause gum disease.

2. Surgery: If non-surgical treatment does not work, it may include gum flap surgery, which involves cutting away gum tissue to allow for better access to roots. Bone grafting can regenerate lost bone. Other surgeries, such as pocket reduction surgery, are also used to treat gum disease.

3. Medications: Medications, such as antibiotics and antimicrobials, may be prescribed to treat gum disease. These medications can help reduce inflammation and control the growth of bacteria.

4. Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, reducing stress and eating a healthy diet, can help reduce the risk of gum disease.

Wrapping up

It is important to combat tooth decay and gum diseases in elderly patients. Therefore, senior citizens should frequently visit dentists for dental checkups. Gum diseases can be painful, destructive and difficult to treat. However, with proper oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist, it can be controlled and prevented.

Regular brushing, flossing and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash can help reduce the risk of gum diseases and promote good oral health.

If you are experiencing any signs of gum disease, it is important to seek treatment from your dentist as soon as possible.


Sudarsan Chakraborty is a professional writer. He contributes to many high-quality blogs. He loves to write on various topics.