Below you will find an analysis of the Visa Bulletin issued by the State Department, corresponding to the month of June 2020 , which determines what is the availability of immigrant visas for the different categories of petitions for family and work, in addition to general information that help you understand how it works.
What is the Visa Bulletin?
The Visa Bulletin (BV) is a guide that the Immigration and Citizenship Services (USCIS) and the United States Department of State have to define who can and cannot receive an immigrant visa, depending on the date on which the person you have submitted your request. That date is called the Priority Date and it determines the beneficiary’s place on the waiting list.
The reason for the Visa Bulletin is based on the fact that immigration law limits the number of people by category who can immigrate to the United States each year. When the number of applicants is greater than the number of available visas, a delay is generated.
Each month the Visa Bulletin announces the priority or cut-off date, which means that in order for an immigrant to adjust status, in other words to obtain residency, the immigrant must have a priority date prior to the closing date of the category in the Bulletin.
In a family petition-based immigration case, the priority date is the date the USCIS receives the petition. In an employment-based case, the priority date is the date the Department of Labor receives the request to certify that the worker is eligible for permanent residence. When the law does not require a labor certification, it is the day that the USCIS receives the petition.
Generally, the Visa Bulletin date works forward, but if the State Department determines that visas for a certain category or country are being used faster than expected, the cutoff date may be delayed or paralyzed.