Vascular Diseases: Definition, Types, & Ignorant Behavior Regarding Vascular Diseases

What are vascular diseases? 

Vascular diseases are medical conditions that affect the blood vessels, which are responsible for carrying blood throughout the body. These diseases can affect the arteries, veins, and capillaries, and can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and underlying health conditions.

Some common examples of vascular diseases include:


This is a condition where plaque buildup occurs inside the arteries, causing them to narrow and harden. Plaque is a combination of cholesterol, fat, calcium, and other substances that accumulate on the walls of arteries. As plaque accumulates, it can obstruct blood flow and oxygen supply to organs and tissues, leading to serious health problems such as heart attack, stroke, and peripheral artery disease.

Atherosclerosis usually develops gradually over many years and can affect any artery in the body. It is often associated with risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and physical inactivity. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and regular exercise, as well as medication and surgical interventions.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD)

This is a type of atherosclerosis that affects the arteries that supply blood to the limbs, usually the legs. PAD occurs when the arteries become narrowed or blocked due to plaque buildup. Symptoms include pain, cramping, or weakness in the legs during physical activity, as well as coldness and numbness in the feet and toes.

PAD is most commonly caused by atherosclerosis and shares many of the same risk factors as atherosclerosis, including smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and physical inactivity. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes such as exercise and diet modifications, medication to manage symptoms and underlying health conditions, and surgical interventions to restore blood flow to the affected limbs.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) 

This is a condition where blood clots form in the deep veins, usually in the legs. DVT can be life-threatening if the blood clot breaks loose and travels to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. Symptoms include swelling, pain, warmth, and redness in the affected leg.

Risk factors for DVT include prolonged bed rest, immobility, surgery, pregnancy, cancer, obesity, and a family history of blood clots. Treatment options may include medication to prevent the clot from growing or breaking off, compression stockings to prevent swelling, and surgical interventions to remove the clot.

Varicose veins

These are swollen and twisted veins that usually occur in the legs. They are caused by weakened or damaged valves in the veins that allow blood to flow backward and pool in the veins. Varicose veins can cause discomfort, pain, and swelling, and in some cases, may lead to complications such as bleeding or skin ulcers.

Risk factors for varicose veins include age, gender (women are more likely to develop them), pregnancy, obesity, and a family history of varicose veins. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes such as exercise and weight loss, compression stockings, and surgical interventions such as vein stripping or laser therapy.

Reasons why people ignore vascular diseases

Lack of Awareness 

Many people are not aware of the risks and symptoms of vascular diseases. This can lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment.

Lack of Visible Symptoms

Some vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, may not cause noticeable symptoms until the condition has progressed to a severe stage. This can make it easy to ignore or overlook the condition until it becomes a serious health issue.

Stigma around certain Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors for vascular diseases, such as smoking and poor diet, can be stigmatized. This can make it difficult for people to seek help or make lifestyle changes, as they may feel ashamed or judged.

Limited Access to Healthcare 

Many people do not have access to healthcare, either due to financial or geographical barriers. This can make it difficult to receive preventive care or treatment for vascular diseases.

Misconceptions about Age and Health

Many people assume that vascular diseases only affect older adults or those with preexisting health conditions. This can lead to a false sense of security among younger individuals, who may not take preventive measures or seek medical attention until it is too late.

Overall, raising awareness about the risks and symptoms of vascular diseases, improving access to healthcare, and addressing misconceptions and stigmas around certain risk factors can help reduce the incidence and impact of these diseases.

Why Vascular Diseases Should not be Ignored?

Vascular diseases pose significant risks to the body and should never be ignored. They can lead to compromised blood flow, which can have detrimental effects on various organs and tissues. When blood vessels narrow, become blocked, or weaken, the flow of blood to vital organs can be reduced, resulting in tissue damage and organ dysfunction. This can have severe consequences for the affected organs, potentially leading to organ failure or even life-threatening complications. Additionally, vascular diseases can increase the risk of other serious conditions such as heart attacks, strokes, and blood clots. It is crucial to seek medical attention if you suspect or have been diagnosed with a vascular disease to receive appropriate treatment and minimize potential complications. Early detection and management of vascular diseases can significantly improve outcomes and enhance overall health and well-being.

Whom to Consult for Vascular Disease? 

One can consult Dr. Ashish Airen, who is one of the best vascular surgeon in Jaipur and offers world wide online consultation. He is one of the best varicose veins doctors in Jaipur, having nine years of experience in the field. Dr. Ashish Airen has built his practice around providing patients individualized care for the highest level of comfort possible. Because of how effectively and methodically Dr. Airen’s team does their work, they can provide patients worldwide with the highest quality medical care.