Varicose Vein: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Varicose veins can be very painful and often accompanied by other health conditions. Veins appear like small bulges or swollen areas in your blood vessels. These bulges become enlarged because of the extra pressure that builds up inside your blood vessels due to poor circulation. If you are battling this condition, visiting a vein specialist Davenport, FL should be a priority.

The condition is usually caused by a buildup of fatty substances (plaques) in the walls of the blood vessels. The buildup causes an increase in pressure within the blood vessel walls and makes it more difficult for blood to flow through them properly. This increases the risk of damage to the internal organs, such as the kidneys and liver, when one stands or walks around too much.

Below are the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for varicose veins;

Varicose veins causes

Damaged or weak vein walls and valves: As you age, your veins may begin to thin out and may not hold up as well as they used to when you were younger. These weakened areas are more likely to develop varicose veins.

Hormone changes during pregnancy: A woman’s hormone levels can increase, especially during pregnancy, causing blood vessels in her legs to enlarge.

Diabetes: Obesity is one of the most common causes of varicose veins. When a person becomes obese, their legs become larger and more swollen. This causes veins to be stretched, leading to varicose veins.

High blood pressure: High blood pressure can cause varicose veins to develop. When a person has high blood pressure, their pulse rate increases which also puts pressure on their small vein valves, causing them to dilate or thicken.

Varicose veins symptoms

The most common symptom of varicose veins is an itching sensation in the skin near the affected vein. The itching may be accompanied by redness and swelling around the affected vein. Other symptoms may include;

  • Pain when walking or standing for long periods
  • Burning sensations in your legs
  • Fatigue
  • Aches and pains
  • Numbness and tingling sensations in your legs and feet (paresthesia)
  • Reduced mobility in your lower legs (claudication)
  • Difficulty sleeping at night due to leg pain
  • Swollen ankles with mild to moderate pain that worsens during walking (chronic ankle instability).

Varicose veins can lead to other health problems if not treated properly. Below are some treatment options for the condition.

Laser treatment: Laser treatment is one of the most effective treatments for varicose veins. The laser destroys the blood vessels causing the varicose veins and can prevent them from worsening.

Laser therapy uses light energy to destroy the blood vessels that are causing your varicose veins. Laser therapy destroys the lining of your blood vessels, preventing them from bleeding and becoming swollen or painful.

Sclerotherapy: Sclerotherapy is a low-risk procedure that involves injecting chemicals into your vein to tighten it up. This reduces the size of your varicose veins and can help improve their appearance over time

If you have the symptoms of varicose veins, contact Vein & Cardiovascular Center for help.