Types of Welding: Whats the difference?

Whether you’re a hobbyist, farmer or you’re looking to start metal fabrication you need to know the different types of welding.

There is 3 distinct kinds of welding. Each one has their own advantages and constraints, so you only have to determine which one is most suitable for the task in hand.

Speaking broadly, TIG is the most commonly used welding practice and is used where the appearance matters. MIG is a far simpler procedure but the results are not quite to the identical normal as TIG.

There is no”best procedure” in welding, so you need to choose what is ideal for you.


MIG welding is the simplest welding procedure for novices to learn. On a MIG weld you may utilize a MIG gun that will feed a wire electrode from this welding system when you press on the trigger.

When using a gas cylinder for MIG welding, then you utilize gas to safeguard the arc in the air to prevent it getting contaminated. The gas flows throughout the MIG gun and encircles the cable electrode.

Benefits of MIG Welding:

  • Effortless to learn
  • Cable is significantly less costly than flux-cored.
  • Great quality welds with Minimal spatter
  • Reduced clean up period

You might even apply your MIG welder for flux core welding. Within this procedure, you will not use gasoline, but rather utilize flux cored cable which includes a center which can shield the weld pool from contamination.

  • Simple to learn
  • Deep penetration
  • Simple to setup
  • More mobile without gasoline

TIG Welding

Disadvantages of Flux Core Welding:

  • Wire is significantly more expensive
  • Thicker cable makes is less Acceptable for really thin metal
  • Causes spatter that Has to Be cleaned
  • TIG welding is a more complex operation than of its counterpart MIG welding that takes practice to get right and can be significantly more time consuming. The plus side, however, is the fact that it generates even greater quality welds.

In TIG welding you use a torch using a non-consumable tungsten electrode whilst gradually feeding a filler rod to the weld pool to fuse the metals together. This may be tricky as it takes you to utilize both hands and a foot pedal to nourish the cord, but it generates really exact welds.

Benefits of TIG Welding:

  • Greater quality welds compared to MIG
  • Reduced clean up time
  • Great for exact welds that need attention to detail

Stick Welding

Stick welding or SMAW (Shielded Metal Arc Welding) is among the more old-school and affordable kinds of welding. It is used mainly to weld thick cast steel and iron.

A Horizontally coated rod/electrode is utilized and also an electrical arc is formed between the electrode and the workpiece metals. The flux coating which surrounds the electrode then protects and moisturizes the weld pool from contamination.

It is fairly easy to learn but may expect a little more ability than MIG welding since the pole burns so that you want to be sure that you’re maintaining the arc at the ideal distance from the workpiece.

Benefits of Stick Welding

  • May be used outdoors in windy conditions
  • Mobile — No shielding gas or cable feeder is required
  • Produces strong welds, such as on rusty steel and surfaces doesn’t have to be clean.

Disadvantages of Stick Welding

  • Produces slag and spatter
  • Reduced quality weld
  • Inefficient as raised cleanup time and altering electrodes reduces growth.

It doesn’t matter what you choose you will need to find quality industrial supplies.  Choose ones that are good, affordable and need the least amount of care whilst not cheating the standards.

Josh Shankowsky

Josh Shankowsky is a professional content writer with Snap SEO.