5 Types of Bricks You Need to Know

If you have to choose one element that is the most essential when it comes to building materials in Pakistan, the answer will almost always be brick. These components are crucial for the formation of the framework of a building. 

However, it is important to remember that bricks are classified and categorized into different types. So, if you are also planning to tackle a construction project in the near future, then you have come to the right place. In this blog, we will discuss the most popular types of bricks used for construction in Pakistan. Visit Shaheen Bricks Company to buy the best bricks in Pakistan at an affordable price. 

Bricks Types in Pakistan

Now we will list and discuss the most popular types of bricks in Pakistan and their applications.

Burnt clay bricks

Lime sand bricks (calcium silicate bricks)

Engineering bricks

Concrete bricks

Fly ash clay bricks


Burnt Clay Bricks

Burnt clay bricks are the most popular bricks used in the construction industry. These bricks are known as the classic form and are the most commonly used types of bricks in Pakistan.

They are made of wet clay that is pressed into molds. It is then dried and fired in kilns. The use of this type of brick dates back to ancient times and can be found in many historic buildings around the world. 

These bricks have a very simple appearance. They are solid blocks of hardened clay, usually reddish in color. Fired clay bricks are divided and sold in four classes. The first class offers the best quality and high strength. They also have no noticeable defects, but they also cost more than other inferior options. To use these bricks in the construction of walls, you may need to apply a coat of plaster or mortar. Shaheenbricks is manufacturing the best burnt clay bricks in Pakistan. 


Uses of Burnt Clay Bricks

Often known as the best bricks in Pakistan, the uses of fired clay cover the following construction areas:




Quick Fact: If you don’t know what the strongest type of brick is, then we must tell you that A-grade fired clay bricks are widely known for their durability. They are also the strongest contender on our list. 


Sand-lime Bricks

Sand-lime bricks, also called calcium silicate bricks, are a mixture of sand, lime and fly ash. Pigments can also be used to add color. The mixture is then shaped by pressure, creating bricks. The materials combine through a chemical reaction. It takes place when the wet bricks are dried by heat and pressure. Sand-lime bricks are not burned or fired in kilns, as is the case with fired clay bricks. 

Here are some important things that will make you prefer sand lime bricks over fired clay bricks:

  • They have a gray color instead of a reddish color. This gives them a fine appearance
  • They have a uniform shape and can give a smoother finish to the structure. 
  • These bricks can provide excellent strength, which is best suited for load-bearing structures.
  • By adding pigments, you can use the sand-lime bricks for ornamental purposes.
  • Less mortar is required when using these bricks in construction.
  • The edges made with sand-lime bricks are straight and precise. This makes building easier and accurate.
  • Salts and minerals in the environment have little or no effect on these bricks.

Uses of Sand-lime Bricks

The uses of sand-lime bricks include the following construction areas.

Structural foundations, pillars and walls

Use for the construction of exposed brick walls and piers

Ornamental uses (with the addition of pigments)

Engineering Bricks

Masonry bricks for engineering construction are also among the commonly used bricks for construction. They are used to give strength to a structure. They are characterized by low water porosity and resistance. Engineering bricks are perfect for building moisture-proof layers. 

Strong (A-class) technical bricks are usually produced at higher firing temperatures. This means that these bricks can withstand very high temperatures. Their shape, size and strength are not affected in any way.

Uses of Engineering Bricks

Among the best bricks in Pakistan, the uses of engineering bricks are in the following construction areas

Laying foundations of buildings

Brick lining of stoves, chimneys and flues

To build brick outdoor grills 

Concrete Bricks

If you’re wondering what the strongest type of brick is, concrete brick might be the answer you’re looking for. After fired clay bricks, concrete bricks are the top-rated bricks in terms of durability. 

They are made of solid concrete and are one of the most common types of building materials in Pakistan. Concrete bricks are generally used for building facades and fences. They add durability to the structure and can also give it an aesthetically pleasing look. 

These bricks are made with different colors with addition of pigments during production. They are considered the best bricks for house construction. Concrete bricks are not suitable for building underground structures.

Uses of Concrete Bricks

Some of the most common uses of concrete blocks are:


masonry (hidden under the walls)


Fly Ash Clay Bricks

Fly ash clay bricks are made with a mixture of clay and fly ash. Fly ash is a byproduct of coal that is burned at about 1,000 degrees. Bricks containing fly ash are usually high in calcium oxide, which is why this type of brick usually has the property of self-cementing. 

It can easily expand when exposed to moisture. This tendency to expand can cause the structure to swell, which is not good for a building. However, there are many advantages to using fly ash bricks in construction. The biggest of them is that they are lighter in weight than many other known brick options.  

Uses of Fly Ash Clay Bricks

Here are some common uses of fly ash clay bricks in construction. They are most commonly used to provide improved fire resistance for a structure

Structural walls