Temporomandibular disorders are issues of the jaw muscles, temporomandibular joints, and the nerves attached to chronic facial pain. Any issue that stops the complex system of muscles, joint and bones from working together in harmony may outcome in temporomandibular disorder.
Cause and effect
In most cases, TMDs are caused by a mixture of factors like joint disease and jaw injuries, such as arthritis. It is trusted that bruxism (tooth grinding or clenching) and neck or head muscle tension may make TMD symptoms worse. Stress is also possible factor. Anyway, it is not clear if worry cause TMDs or is an outcome of them.
One thing that may lead to TMDs are full or partial dentures that are not the best fit and certain habits such as pencil biting or fingernail biting.
TMD symptoms generally go without treatment. Simple home treatment can generally relieve mild jaw pain. There are things you can do at first to decrease pain.
Rest your jaw point
Use drugs for a short time, to decrease swelling or relax muscles.
Put either an ice pack or a hot, mist cloth on your jaw for fifteen minutes several times a day if it makes you jaw feel excellent. Or you can switch back and forth between moist cold and heat. Slowly open and close your mouth while you use the heat or ice pack. Eat soft foods, and reject chewy foods and chewing gum.
Getting physical therapy and learning ways to decrease stress may also help to decrease pain and TM joint issues. Continue to use some of these techniques over time to stop and manage symptoms that might come back. If your pain is chronic or extreme or is caused by issues with how the joint is shaped, your doctor may advise other treatments.
Splints, also known as bite plates, are a general dental treatment for TMDs. Splints are generally clear pieces of plastic that fit between the lower and upper teeth. They help decrease clenching and grinding. Splits are used for a little time so they do not cause real changes in the jaw or teeth.
Before you try treatment such as reshaping or surgery or having down the teeth, think it over. These treatments cannot be reversed and can even destroy the TM.
For most people, surgery is not used to treat TMDs. Surgery has few advantages, and there is the possibility of causing more serious issues. You and your physician can carefully weight a decision to have surgery. Talking with another doctor to get a second choice can also help you make your plan.