Stainless steel is made of chromium, iron ore, silicon, nickel and other raw materials which are then melted together in an electric furnace to form stainless steel. The steps involved in the formation of stainless steel, are long and lengthy and takes about 8 to 12 hours under intense heat, the steel is then heat treated, cleaned and polished to make the stainless steel like we all know. The procedure instils the steel with new properties.
Properties and Applications of Stainless Steel
Post production, stainless steel compared to its raw form of steel has several new properties:
- Corrosion resistant: compared to raw steel and some other common metals, stainless steel is highly resistant to corrosion making it an ideal choice for kitchen and bathroom appliances etc.
- Cryogenic resistant: highly resistant to low temperatures, stainless steel is very durable and is less likely to crack under cold temperatures.
- Hot strength: High grade stainless steel can endure high heat temperature.
- Ductility: stainless steel is very ductile and allows austenitic stainless steel to be formed
- High strength: stainless steel has higher tensile strength and is stronger compared to most mild steels.
Stainless steel comes in various grades and these grades determine the quality and properties of steel. While selecting the stainless steel it is important to select the right kind of steel that fulfils the right kind of requirements for the intended purpose. Stainless steel of variant 303 possesses excellent malleability making it a great choice for productions that require steel with good malleable qualities.
Stainless steel has several applications some of which being:
- Kitchen sinks
- Architectural applications
- Roofing and gutters
- Doors and windows
- Benches and food preparation areas
- Food processing equipment
Where to Get Them?
You can find stainless steel sold in your local stainless steel supplier, stores dealing in the business of steel often have whole stores dedicated to the sale of stainless steels. These stores sell steel in rods or sheets etc., which can be moulded and shaped into various shapes for different objects. Due to its many properties and inexpensiveness, stainless steel suppliers find huge demand for stainless steel for industrial, kitchen and bathroom needs etc.
What to Know Before Approaching Your Supplier?
If you are looking into the procurement of stainless steels from your local stainless steel supplier there are certain things you need to be aware of:
- Stainless steel is not good for high load applications due to it being a soft metal.
- Stainless steel boasts a high resistance against corrosion, but the level of resistance is different according to the grades.
- Stainless steel does not hold very high magnetic properties so stainless steel would probably not be the most ideal choice in applications requiring magnetic properties.
- Stainless steels possess an invisible layer of oxide coated on its outside that protects the steel, this is why it is resistant to corrosion, so if placed in an oxygen rich environment even if the outer layer is damaged the oxide will reform again to protect the steel.
- Stainless steel has poor reactivity with aluminium as both metals are of two different kinds and has high chances at resulting in galvanic corrosion. To prevent such situations, it is recommended to use a buffer or not to mix the two materials in the first place.
Now with the advent of the internet, one can also procure stainless steel or stainless steel products from the internet itself via means of online digital stores, where stainless steel suppliers sell their products in various prices from stores all over the country.