The Key Differences between Less than truckload (LTL) and full truckload (FTL) Freight Shipping

Many trucking companies offer a variety of trucking services, and this comes as no surprise, given that the trucking industry has a relatively significant influence on the American economy. Due to this, those who want to enter the industry should understand the differences between LTL and FTL freight shipping. This article will cover freight shipping in detail, including the definition, advantages, and different freight shipping methods.   

Freight Shipping In Detail 

This section will explain freight shipping, including what it is and the elements that influence freight shipping rates. 

What Is Freight Shipping? 

First, what is freight? The term freight refers to the commodities that transport, via air, sea, or even land. However, it refers explicitly to goods shipped above a specific quantity. It is freight if a particular shipment is more than 150lb (around 68kg) in weight. 

Advantages Of Freight Shipping 

There are numerous benefits to freight shipping. If you select the right company, it can yield additional advantages both in the short and long term. It is typically the case that your experience with freight shipping depends mainly on the company you choose. Let’s discuss the general benefits first. 

Freight shipping is likely the most practical option to ensure that all of your inventory arrives safely and timely. Usually, plenty of existing and thriving companies move goods through this freight shipping method. Choosing high-quality trucking services makes the process of moving goods even more effective and efficient. 

Another immense benefit of freight shipping is its cost-effectiveness. Depending on the method that you choose and your carrier, it could potentially yield numerous financial benefits. For those who diligently research, it is likely to be the case that your costs and rates would be very beneficial. 

Further, another freight shipping benefit is that you can develop long-term business relationships with top-rated carriers and companies, which will likely yield tremendous cost savings and deals in the long term. Having a contract in place with a reliable firm will ensure the quality of the trucking services you choose to employ. 

Methods Of Freight Shipping In Trucking Services 

There are various freight shipping methods available for those requiring the service. Typical methods are as follows: full truckload, less than truckload, and partial truckload. This section covers the first two types in detail. 

Less Than Truckload (LTL) Freight Shipping 

Less than truckload freight shipping is the most common method. This type of shipping involves shipments larger than standard packages but smaller than a shipment that can fill an entire truck. Merchants opting for this shipping method only pay for a truck section rather than the whole space. With this method, the shipment usually passes several different trucks before it reaches its end destination. In addition, the load moves with that of other sellers and merchants. 

Full Truckload (FTL) Freight Shipping 

Full truckload freight shipping involves moving huge shipments, mainly involving 15,000lbs of inventory. FTL freight shipping is usually cost-effective for large and frequent shipments. It can also be a much more efficient and safer choice since goods ship in bulk. However, this does largely depend on one’s trucking service choice. With this method, the shipment reaches its end destination directly, never moving between several trucks. Unlike in less than truckload freight shipping, it reserves the right for you to use the entire carrier, truck, or container. 


There are various distinctions between LTL and FTL freight shipping. Both yield several advantages, and whichever suits you depends on your particular needs and requirements. The shipping company best for your situation depends on several factors. However, in general, the most lucrative and efficient option tends to be the company that can provide the highest level of expertise.  

For those in the middle of choosing a specific company, it is pertinent that you do your research. There are several benefits to understanding their rates, combing through their reviews, and browsing their website. A firm with an excellent reputation and transparency about its services is likely to be a brilliant choice.