Textile production in the world’s history has always been part and parcel of human civilization since clothing is considered a basic feature of every society. As such, the textile industry has been part of history, and technological advancements are currently shaping the industry. Textile manufacturing triggered the industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries, calling for an economy that saw many leave their agricultural work to work in manufacturing plants.
Textile manufacturing involves many processes, including fiber production, yarn processing, fiber production, pre-treating fabrics, dyeing and printing, and final finishes. But all through history, textile manufacturing processes have progressed, which has also changed how people clothe themselves. The textile industry’s history can be highlighted simply as advancement from human-made fabrics to handlooms, power looms, and modern textile manufacturing machines. These days the textile industry is one of the rapidly growing sectors due to enhanced automation and more working machinery. Many technological advancements have also led to increasing demands for different textile processing from pinning to embroidery machines.
Automation of textile machinery
The introduction of automated manufacturing machines in the textile industry has given production a significant boost and enhanced quality fabric production and profits. Different technological advancements such as electronics, biotechnological nanotechnology, and robotics have incredibly improved textile machinery, enhancing processing and manufacturing. Let us look at some of the modern textile machinery that prove how technology had impacted the textile industry.
- Coating and laminating machines that use moisture reactive hot melt adhesive create different types of functional cloth products.
- Knitting machines such as rib circular knitting machines, tricot warp machines, electronic interlock circular machines, and other automatic knitting machines are used in the modern textile industry.
- Garment manufacturing machines- these include flatlock sewing machines, industrial button home machines, bar track sewing machines, and blind stitch sewing machines, among others.
- Dyeing, printing, and finishing machines, including various singeing machines, dyeing machines such as jet dying, jigger dyeing, etc. Spray damping, embossing, sanforizing machines, and mercerizing fabric machines are also some of the most significant innovations of textile printing and finishing machines.
- Spinning machines- these also characterize the modern textile industry. They include vortex spinning machines, fraction spinning machines, air-jet spinning machines, wet spinning machines, which come with varying features to suit different textile manufacturing needs.
- Ginning machines such as saw ginning machines, knife roller ginning machines, etc.
In addition to the machines mentioned above, there are many other innovations such as automatic weaving machines, crotchet machines, zipper making machines, label making, and quilting machines.
Electronic controlling system in textile production
Most of the modern textile manufacturing machinery feature electronic controlling systems, which simplify the entire production process. The ability to control the processing parameters of textile machines results in improved reliability and high-quality production. Many of these electronic control systems are integrated into modern textile machines to manage the manufacturing processes better. Some of the digital controls include:
- Moisture measuring device.
- Optical density measuring device.
- Solenoid valves.
- Flame/photocells detectors.
- Baume measring device.
- Capacitive/pressure transducers.
The combination of PLC programming and digital electronic control systems has significantly enhanced production.
The bottom line
We can expect more automation in the future of the textile industry as textile engineers initiate more research on innovative machinery to boost production and quality.