The first black hole photographed the best scientific breakthrough of 2019
On April 10, the Horizon of Event Telescope Consortium (EHT) presented the first image in the history of a supermassive black hole.
One of the great mysteries of the universe, still unsolved by the scientific world, is undoubtedly the origin of black holes. What are they and why are they still a mystery? They are cold mass concentrations of ancient stars with a gravitational force so powerful that it attracts everything around it and no particle can escape, including light.
Black holes are considered the last phase of the evolution of stars much larger in the sun and have not yet been able to decipher all their unknowns after decades of study from the theory of relativity of Albert Einstein.
Detected thanks to the brightness and gas of its surroundings
However, on April 10 of this year, the Horizon of Event Telescope Consortium (EHT), together with the National Science Foundation of the United States. (NSF) and the Austral Observatory (ESO), presented to the world the first image in the history of a black hole after two years of hard work.
Today we have learned that the specialized journal Science has given the image captured of this supermassive black hole the most important scientific advancement title of 2019. It is not for less since it reveals data of one of the greatest secrets in the history of the universe.
The team in charge of this mission managed to capture the silhouette of this black hole by imagining the cloud of hot and bright gas around it. What does this mean? Although they are dense and invisible masses to our vision, it is true that the gas they emit produces a warming and, therefore, it is possible to see the surrounding environment.
This supermassive black hole is located in the center of the M87 galaxy, has a mass of 6,500 million soles and is 55 million light-years from our planet.