The different steps in an IVF procedure to reckon with
IVF, which stands for “In-Vitro-Fertilization,” is a process by which couples unable to give birth naturally can have healthy babies. People just need to be aware of IVF cost in Delhi, and they can proceed with it accordingly. Many people tend to ask about the process of it, and so here we will explore the different steps in detail.
Step 1: Beginning the treatment
Because there is an attempt to perform artificial fertilisation, more mature eggs are needed to increase the chances of success. To accomplish this, trigger injection induces FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) injection, allowing developing eggs to mature before collection.
There are two types of IVF treatment:-
1. Pituitary suppression before stimulation (long down-regulation)
2. Pituitary suppression after stimulation (antagonist cycle)
After examining the patient, the specialist at the best IVF centre in Delhi will choose which one to use, and appropriate medications, timelines, and precautions will be recommended.
Step 2: Stimulation of the Ovaries
Since more eggs are needed, doctors inject FSH at higher doses than what is produced naturally to increase the ratio of eggs to follicles. These injections take place every 9 to 14 days.
Blood tests and ultrasounds are used to check and monitor the normal response. They can inject themselves or their partner if they know how to do it correctly.
Step 3: Trigger shot or injection
When the follicles are of sufficient quantity and quality, the FSH dose is stopped; This trigger injection is given.
In layman’s terms, it is made up of hCG, known as the “pregnancy hormone.” It behaves in a manner that is analogous to that of the pituitary gland’s “Luteinizing Hormone (LH),” which is the hormone that causes the follicle to break down and the egg to emerge from it.
The timing of this injection is crucial because eggs are retrieved 34 to 36 hours after the last shot. These are expensive, so people must know the IVF cost in Delhi and plan their budget accordingly.
Step 4: Egg retrieval and collection of sperm
After the patient has been sedated, a fine needle and an ultrasound-guided probe are inserted into the vaginal canal to extract fluid from the follicle. After that, the mature eggs are identified through microscopy after 25 to 30 minutes. The best IVF centre advises the patient in Delhi to rest for a few days.
Step 5: Final fertilisation and embryo development
After focusing on the sperms, eggs and sperms are placed together in a glass dish for three to four hours. The next step is known as “incubation,” It typically lasts overnight so that signs of fertilisation can be seen the next day.
The fertilised eggs are put back in the incubator for another 48 hours after being checked and discussed with the patient.
ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) can also be suggested if the problem involves male infertility. Each step of the IVF procedure will be an additional step.
After 3-5 days of egg retrieval, this IVF process is generally painless. Using a thin plastic catheter (soft tube) that is inserted through the cervix, a selected embryo can be transferred into a uterus.
In an emergency, the remaining healthy embryos are stored for future use.
There are two weeks between the transfer of an embryo and the final pregnancy test. During this time, the patient’s health takes precedence over all else. You should avoid doing anything strenuous or tiring for the next two to three days after the transfer. Normal symptoms include bloating, cramping, nausea, tiredness, and fatigue.
Also, bleeding or vaginal spotting at certain intervals does not necessarily mean the entire IVF process was unsuccessful or successful. Precautions and medications should be taken until the cycle is complete.
The entire IVF process is thus found to be largely intriguing. Expectant couples must be aware of these aspects before proceeding with due diligence.