The Different Personnel Management Styles
Whether you’re an experienced manager or a recent MBA graduate, learning should never stop if you want to progress your career. One of the most important things to know is the methodology behind personnel management. People commonly point out 3 main styles of management, which we’ll discuss in this article.
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Family Style of Personnel Management
Almost any start-up entrepreneur at the start of the business begins to communicate with staff using the only known scenario of communication with others – friendship/family. This is due to the fact that we are not taught to manage others in the family, school, or university.
Therefore, we use what we understand and can do. Having made friends, buddies and relatives – start a business. In the beginning, everything looks great: everyone has the same experience, we are one team, united against common enemies, united by one idea to save the world / make it better / earn a million.
The general mood in the company is the following:
- Everyone is friends with each other;
- The atmosphere in the company is home;
- Corporate culture is family;
- Comfortable and cozy;
- The boss is a “friend who gives out a salary”;
- The company’s priorities are family members.
As the company grows, the tasks facing it and the complexity of projects increases. And then the owner suddenly discovers that these are just his problems. Everyone else enjoys spending time at work and getting paid regularly.
When the owner begins to build staff and demands from them an increase in efficiency – he “stabs” them in the back, which generally worsens the image of the manager/owner. So, of course, this approach has its minuses.
The main advantage of this style of personnel management is a great atmosphere and support. The main disadvantage – average qualification and low efficiency of employees (there are no incentives for development and increase of speed).
We recommend using it when the company has been on the market for a long time, the customer base is formed, the position is strong and the members of the “family” do not have big ambitions. They want peace and comfort.
Authoritarian Style of Personnel Management
Having gained experience and disbanded the “family”, the owner often goes to the other extreme – builds a completely authoritarian management system of the company. This style is often reflected in how clients dictate instructions to service providers, for example, as students do on such services as MasterPapers where they receive academic help.
Tight hierarchy of employees, almost maximum secrecy. Decisions are communicated to subordinates in the form of orders and commands. The owner here usually distances himself as much as possible from employees and stops communicating with them. This style of running the company is also loved by former military and officials and shares the following features:
- The main priority of the company is the result;
- All decisions are made quickly and individually by the owner;
- When the owner is not in – the company goes into a slight anabasis;
- To unite the team, the main unifying idea is the presence of the competition in the market (to catch up and overtake).
The initiative of employees is not particularly appreciated and those who express different views from the boss, as a rule, are soon fired. This reduces the initiative and skills of staff. The main advantages of this style of personnel management are the fast achievement of the objectives, using low-skilled personnel.
Minus – manual control, severe psychological climate, high turnover. We recommend using this style in crises when it is important for the business to survive or achieve the goal with a minimum of resources.
Official Business Approach to Personnel Management
Having played the authoritarian boss, realizing the disadvantages of the rigid vertical of power, gaining new experience, and deciding to still earn, many managers/owners arrive at a business style.
Everyone is united by the company’s mission formed by the owner – to bring great products and services to this world. Here are the main features of such a methodology:
- Business decisions can be made both from the boss’ volition and by trusting employees;
- The main priority of the company is profit;
- Employees clearly understand their place and position in the company;
- A clear KPI (Key Performance Indicators) is set for everyone;
- Decisions are communicated to subordinates according to business etiquette.
The dependence of wages on personal results and the results of the whole company are clearly spelled out. The more time workers invest in work, the higher you are on the career ladder, the more money you have. All professionals are proactive and qualified.
The main advantage of this management style is profit maximization. The main disadvantage – workaholism and possible emotional burnout. Still, most profitable companies, like paper writing service MasterPapers, mostly follow the official business methodology of management.
Which One to Choose?
All the methodologies have their own pros and cons, so, you shouldn’t prioritize one over the other just because. Always try to adapt your style of personnel management to the situation – this is usually the characteristic of strong and impactful leaders.