Diabetes means that your blood sugar or blood sugar level is too high. In the most common type 2 diabetes, your body does not make or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that causes glucose to enter cells to supply energy to cells. Without insulin, excess glucose remains in the blood. Over time, high blood sugar can cause serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums, and teeth.You can try best home remedies for type 2 diabetes.
If you’re older, obese, have a family history of diabetes, or don’t exercise, you’re at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. Having prediabetes also increases your risk. Prediabetes means that your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not as high as diabetes. If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, changing your lifestyle can delay or prevent development.
Who develops type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes was known as adult or non-insulin dependent diabetes. It mainly affects people over 40 years old (even young people). It is estimated that 415 million people worldwide have diabetes, approximately 1 in 11 adults worldwide. Type 2 diabetes is now much more common in children and teens.
The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in the UK because it is more common in people who are overweight or obese. It also runs frequently in families. It is approximately five times more common in people in South Asia and the African Caribbean, who often develop in this group before this age. There are an estimated 750,000 people with type 2 diabetes in the UK who have not yet been diagnosed with this condition.
Causes of type 2 diabetes
A hormone called insulin helps sugar enter cells and can be used for energy. If your body’s cells don’t respond well to insulin, sugar builds up in your bloodstream, eventually leading to type 2 diabetes.
The exact reason why the body does not respond to insulin, a phenomenon called insulin resistance, is unknown, but risk factors include being overweight, inactivity, or 45 or older. Increasing body fat is believed to make it more difficult for the body to use insulin. Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes treatment
The first approach to diabetes treatment is to lower your blood sugar. People with type 2 diabetes need to talk to their doctor about how often they control their blood sugar levels. This is done with a device called a glucose meter, according to the NIH. Monitoring your blood sugar level can help you and your doctor know if you need to change your diet, activities, or medications.
It is important that people with type 2 diabetes control their weight and follow a balanced diet. According to the Mayo Clinic, there is no “diabetic diet,” but patients need to eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and focus on reducing carbohydrates and sweets.
Physical activity is also important, and people with type 2 diabetes should focus for at least 30 minutes a day. According to Mayo, some people can control type 2 diabetes with diet and exercise alone, while others need to take medications like metformin. Some people with type 2 diabetes need insulin injections.
The NIH claims that weight loss or bariatric surgery is also an option for very obese patients who have difficulty managing diabetes with diet, exercise, and medication of how to reverse your type 2 diabetes naturally and easily.