The Subtle Signs of Thyroid Disorders

Signs of thyroid disorder

The Thyroid Gland is the butterfly-shaped organ towards the inner part of your throat. Known to be the biggest gland in the endocrine system, it is responsible for secreting the thyroid gland that regulates metabolism and growth in the human body. Just like every other organ in the body, the Thyroid has its own way to malfunction by releasing too much or too little of the thyroid hormones.

There are many treatment options available today for thyroid disorders. The one which I will always recommend is ayurvedic treatment. Ayurveda helps you to treat disorders like thyroid naturally without any side effects.

What is Hypothyroidism?

Overproduction of the thyroid hormones, Hyperthyroidism or underproduction of the hormones, Hypothyroidism is some of the major problems the thyroid gland comes with. It is no news that millions of people suffer from thyroid-related problems, most of which are unaware of it until being consulted for the same. 

Hence to help you out, here’s a list of symptoms and signs of thyroid disorders to help you identify and get yourself treated before it’s too late. Hypothyroidism, as explained, is the underproduction of the thyroid hormones which do not suffice the needs of the body and hence give rise to various symptoms of something serious. 

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  1. Fatigue
  2. Extreme tiredness and weakness
  3. Intolerance to weather and prone to catch colds easily
  4. Regular body aches, muscle pains, and cramps
  5. Weight gain or difficulty in losing weight
  6. Constipation and other digestion related issues
  7. Rough skin and hair
  8. Puffy and swollen eyes and face
  9. Change in voice tone and texture
  10. Irregular menstruation cycle
  11. Slowed mental activity and ability to perform menial tasks
  12. Depression and other related issues
  13.  Weak memory or memory loss
  14.  Increased cholesterol levels
  15. Slowed heart rate

These may seem regular bodily problems but all of these indicate you are suffering from a thyroid disorder so never forget to get yourself checked.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

On the other hand, Hyperthyroidism or the overproduction of the thyroid gland is when the gland produces extra hormones. Thyroid nodules or lumps in the thyroid gland may also cause a lot of problems. These nodules do not have a specific way to originate but they do develop due to hypo or hyperthyroidism. 

These nodules or lumps can be one big one or a bunch of small ones but they not only affect the thyroid gland but also the whole body and it’s functioning. In a thorough check, these nodules can be checked out for and removed if possible hence it will be wise to get regular check-ups for the same.

This comes with its own problems. Here are a few symptoms of Hyperthyroidism – 

  1. Extreme nervousness and jitters
  2. Irritability and anger
  3. Changes in bowel movements
  4. Changes indigestion
  5. Skin and hair skinning
  6. Increase in appetite
  7. Irregular weight loss
  8. Poor concentration
  9. Changes in the menstrual cycle

These symptoms may also include prolonged pains in the throat due to expansion of the thyroid gland which is often referred to as Goiter, a thyroid disorder where the gland expands in size. To figure out if you have Goiter, check out for the following signs:

  1. Difficulty in breathing
  2. Hard to swallow things
  3. Constant throat pains
  4. Visible swelling around the neck

These nodules may or may not carry a small risk of developing malignancy in the gland. For such nodules, either the lumps are removed or the entire gland is surgically detached to stop the cancerous cells from spreading all around the body.

Causes of thyroid-related disorders:

While thyroid disorders are classified in two only, these may aggravate to bigger problems if not taken care of before. Thyroid disorder symptoms and signs may not only cause physical problems but also mental problems like depression and anxiety often leading to more serious ones. These disorders have the capability to affect people of all ages be it kids, teenagers, adults or even aged people. 

Following Are A Few Causes Of Thyroid – 

  1. One of the major causes of Hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder called as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, wherein the immune system works against the body and produces antibodies that may affect the thyroid gland. 
  2. Treatments for Hyperthyroidism often involve radioactive elements and medicines which while correcting the working of the thyroid, may result in hypothyroidism. 
  3. Removal of the thyroid gland requires external consumption of the thyroid hormone, often being a leading cause. 
  4. Radiation therapy used for cancers and other problems may leave complications in the thyroid gland as well. 

Some other complications a thyroid disorder gives birth to the following problems:

  1. Heart problems like slowed heart rate, heart failure and chances of a heart attack are some of the problems a thyroid disorder comes with. 
  2. Infertility and birth defects are also one of the complications caused by a thyroid disorder. It also affects women during pregnancy leading to various other difficulties. 
  3. As mentioned before, thyroid disorders come with a set of mental health-related issues as well. These may range from depression to difficulties in performing tasks, concentration, and memory. 
  4. Untreated thyroid disorders may also have its own effects on the nerves and can cause numbness and chronic pains. 
  5. Thyroid treatments and medications may also have a lot of side effects, some temporary and some permanent. This may include the risk of getting Myxedema, a disease-causing extreme coldness, drowsiness, and unconsciousness.

Treatment of Thyroid – 

  • Make yourself aware of these symptoms and the disorders to know what’s happening. 
  • Increase intake of iodine as it tends to affect the working of the thyroid gland
  • Take precautions and get regular check-ups for the same. 
  • Ayurveda is the best treatment option available today for thyroid. Consult with an ayurvedic doctor if you find any one of the above mentioned symptoms.

As we all know, the Thyroid gland regulates metabolism, heart rate, body temperature and blood pressure, if you notice any changes and fluctuations in these, it may be a sign of a developing thyroid disorder.

Although these regular symptoms and bodily problems may reflect a thyroid disorder, it is not always this way and may just be a temporary change and not be a thyroid disorder symptom. But it’s always wise to be on the safer side and get yourself checked. 


Author Name – Dr. Greeshma Nair 

Author Bio – Dr. Greeshma Nair, (B.A.M.S) is a Staunch believer that Ayurveda is not merely a science but lifestyle too. Her holistic approach towards diagnosis and treatment is based on the root cause of disease and gives you a three-dimensional solution to a condition that includes Ahaar (diet), Vihaar (lifestyle) and Aushadhi (medicines).