Modular manufacturing provides an end to end solution for single family residences as well as high rise multifamily buildings in a dense urban environment. This is needed to solve today’s affordable housing crisis and the lack of productivity in the construction industry. There are three major causes for this crisis within the United States.
- There exists over 10 million housing unit deficit.
- Labor shortages are tightening the employee pool.
- Projects normally end up at least 20 percent over time and as much as 80 percent over construction budget. The traditional method of organizing construction by trades is terribly outdated and leads to poor productivity.
Most things in the world are manufactured. Automobiles, aerospace, airplanes, toys, and candy is all manufactured. But construction is not. Manufacturing or modular processes need to be implemented with off-site facilities to solve the affordable housing crisis.
As a result, the US affordable housing crisis has hit nearly every city. Nearly 10% of US households spend over 50% of their gross income on housing. And nearly half of US households spend over 30% of their gross income on housing.
Some of the benefits of modular construction are:
- At least 90 percent of the building is done off site. It’s 98 percent cost predictable. Costs are calculated in the factory by labor material and overhead rather than organizing it by trades.
- It’s incredibly safe. Employees almost never get above 30 inches off of the floor.
- There is almost no waste. Construction and demolition waste across the US generated 569 million tons of debris in 2017, which is more than twice the amount of generated municipal solid waste.
- There is less than 70 percent of the workers on site making it a much safer solution.
- You are going to get a 30-50 percent increase in time to market. And in some cases even much greater.
It’s a value proposition for manufacturing in lieu of conventional construction. And the early adopters are seeing significant savings and improvements on their homes and projects.
Modular housing is manufactured inside a factory setting, similar to how an automobile is manufactured. The steel frame housing unit moves down the assembly line and gets plumbing, electrical, bathrooms, kitchens, and furniture installed. It leaves on a flatbed truck or train and is sent to an install location where modular units are installed or stacked every 10-15 minutes. Joints are then put together along with exterior cladding and roofing finishes. What normally requires months and years of construction work is now done in days and weeks with minimal disruption to the local environment.