Gallbladder cancer can be treated with the help of surgeries. But only experienced oncologists can suggest the right type of surgical treatment depending upon the patient’s diagnostic reports and the stage of cancer.
You can learn about the diagnosis done in gallbladder treatment and see more information about where to undergo such treatments here.
Before talking about the recovery phase after gallbladder surgery, one must understand the types of surgeries done. This is because the recovery depends on the patient’s condition after a particular kind of surgery or other combinations of treatments.
Types Of Surgeries For Gallbladder Cancer
Patients need surgical treatment for gallbladder issues when a portion or the whole of gallbladder needs to be removed. This happens when the gallbladder develops tumours or cancer cells.
Only an oncologist with experience in gallbladder operations can handle such patients. Therefore one has to find the right cancer hospital for the treatment where gallbladder cancer surgery is done by recognized and exert oncologists.
The most common gallbladder cancer surgeries that the doctor may suggest are:
- Cholecystectomy- This is a simple procedure in which the oncologist surgeon removes the gallbladder along with one or more inches of the liver and the lymph nodes present in the gallbladder region. There are two different methods to undergo this surgery, and they are laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open cholecystectomy. The latter is the traditional method of treatment while the former is the minimally invasive treatment and is the most preferred one.
- Radical resection– In this procedure, the doctor operates the gallbladder, a small section of the liver and the bile duct. It also involves the lymph nodes around the pancreas. This surgery is generally advised when a cholecystectomy is already done.
- Palliative surgery– This type of surgery is done in patients to relieve the symptoms caused by gallbladder cancer such as blocked bile duct or bleeding from cancer growth.
Apart from these surgeries, gallbladder cancer also requires radiation or chemotherapy. The oncologist may administer cancer therapy as per the patient’s condition after the surgery.
What Are The Possible Side-effects Of Gallbladder Surgery?
Side-effects or compilations vary from patient to patient. Since gallbladder cancer is a serious disease, the right care should be taken after the surgery. One must not disregard the doctor’s advice and instructions. Although the majority of such surgeries are successful, and patients report no side-effects, there could be some who experience certain complications.
Some of the side-effects that a patient may experience are:
- Blood clots.
- Internal bleeding (in rare cases)
- Complications due to anaesthesia effects.
Recovery Time After Gallbladder Cancer Surgery
The recovery depends on a number of factors such as the type of surgery done, medications, post-surgery care and other therapies.
Patients who have undergone laparoscopic treatment for the surgery always recover faster, and they also do not need to stay in the hospital for more days. Mostly gallbladder laparoscopic surgery patients can go home within one day. They are also able to drink and eat like a normal day and recover completely within a week.
In the case of the open surgeries, the patient requires more care, and the recovery takes time. It may take up to 6 weeks to fully recover. If patients need to continue other therapies after the surgery such as radiation or chemotherapy, they will take a longer time to heal and recover.
During the recovery phase, it is essential to visit the oncologist for follow-ups. Patients who develop any complications must discuss it with their doctors.
Gallbladder cancer treatment has a success record. All you have to do is find the best doctor and the right cancer hospital.