Phobia Meaning, Symptoms, Types, Causes, and Treatments
What is Phobia?
A Phobia is an excessive and illogical fear reaction. If you have a Phobia, you may undergo a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or anything. Unlike anxiety disorders, a Phobia is usually related to something specific.
A Phobia is more serious compared to simple fear sensations. Phobia is mostly not reported because many people with Phobia find ways to avoid the situations that they fear. People who have a Phobia realize that their fear is irrational, but they are unable to do anything about it. This type of fear can interfere with our work, school, and relationship.
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Symptoms of Phobias
The most common symptom of a Phobia is a panic attack. Features of a panic attack include:
- Thirsty mouth
- upset stomach
- high blood pressure
- pain in chest or tightness
- a choking feeling
- Chest pain
What are The Types of Phobia?
There are three types of Phobia identified by the APA (American psychiatric association). These include:
1. Specific Phobia:
There are irrational and intense fear of particular items and situations.
2. Social Phobia:
There is a fear of public speaking, communication, and interacting with new people and other social situations. Social Phobia is a fear of public humiliation and judged by others in a social case. Some everyday situations that people have trouble with:
- Talking to strangers
- Going to parties
- Going to school or work
- Use public restrooms
- Starting conversations
Agoraphobia is a fear that causes people to avoid places and situations that might cause them to feel:
People with agoraphobia also have symptoms of a panic attack, such as rapid heartbeat, nausea. In some cases, the condition can be severe, and people start to avoid daily activities such as going to banks, parks, and staying inside their homes most of the day.
When the condition is more advanced, agoraphobia can be disabled. People realize their fear is irrational, but they are unable to do anything about it.
If you have suffered from this type of Phobias, it’s important to receive treatment as soon as possible. Treatment can help and manage your symptoms.
Some Other Types of Phobia:
Here are some more common ones:
- Glossophobia: Glossophobia is known as performance anxiety and the fear of speaking in front of an audience. People with this type of Phobia have physical symptoms when they even think in front of a group of people.
- Acrophobia: People with this type of Phobia avoid mountains or high floors of buildings. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. Symptoms include dizziness, loss of consciousness, sweating, etc.
- Claustrophobia: This is a fear of tight spaces or enclosed. Claustrophobia can be disabled if it prevents you from driving or riding.
- Aviophobia: Aviophobia is known as a fear of flying.
- Dentophobia: This is the fear of the dentist or dental procedures. It generally develops after a disagreeable treatment at a dentist’s clinic.
- Hemophobia: This is a Phobia of blood or injury. A hemophobia person may faint when they come in contact with their blood or another person’s blood.
- Arachnophobia: This is a fear of spiders.
- Cynophobia: This is a Phobia of dogs.
- Nyctophobia: This is a Phobia of nighttime or darkness.
Some Causes of Phobia:
There are no specific causes of Phobia, but there are some common causes that might play an important role:
Someone who faces a lot of troubles on a plane at a young age might have a chance to develop a fear of flying.
According to research, having a family member with Phobia has more chances to develop a Phobia disorder, and it is more vulnerable to developing Phobia than others.
- Long-term stress: It causes anxiety and fear and decreases your ability to control in particular situations; it can make you more fearful or anxious.
What Types of Treatments are Available for Phobia?
Phobias are incredibly treatable, and people who have them are nearly always aware of their disorder. It helps the diagnosis a great deal.
The doctor, psychiatrist, or psychologist may recommend behavioral therapy, medications, or a combination of both. Therapy is voluntary to reduce fear and anxiety symptoms and to help people manage and control their reactions to the object of their Phobia.
Treatment for Phobias involves therapeutic techniques, medications, or a combination of both treatments.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most usually used treatment for Phobias. It involves exposure to the source of fear in a controlled setting. This treatment can decondition people and reduce anxiety.
The therapy concentrates on identifying and changing negative thoughts, dysfunctional beliefs, and adverse reactions to the Phobic situation. New CBT techniques apply virtual reality technology to expose people to the sources of their Phobias safely.
Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can improve calm emotional and physical reactions to fear. Usually, a combination of medication and professional therapy is the most helpful.
Can Phobia be Cured?
Phobia can be successfully cured and treated. A rational Phobia can be treated through a gradual procedure of object, place, situation, animal that causes fear.
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