The nurse care planning process is a crucial aid in the treatment of patients. Successively it creates a scientific care plan approach which with the inclusion of other health care professionals allows the patients the simplest route to full fitness. When used effectively, the nurse planning process offers many advantages to the health care environment:
- It’s patient-centered, helping to make sure that your patient’s health problems and his response to them are the first focus of care.
- It enables you to individualize look after each individual patient.
- It promotes the patient’s participation in their care, encourages independence and concordance, and provides the patient a greater sense of control – important factors during a positive health outcome. (See Putting the ‘P’ in planning.)
- It improves communication by providing you and other nurses with a summary of the patient’s recognized problems or needs so you all work towards an equivalent goal.
- It promotes accountability for nursing activities, which successively promotes quality assurance and quality health care provision.
- It promotes critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving for the advantages of health care provision.
- It’s outcome-focused and encourages the evaluation of results.
- It minimizes errors and omissions in care planning.
Basis for the nursing care planning process: The nurse care planning process is predicated on the methodology of problem-solving, which involves:
- Stating the matter you observed
- Forming a hypothesis about the answer to the matter (‘if… then’ statements)
- Developing a way to check the hypothesis
- Collecting the test data
- Analyzing the info
- Drawing conclusions about the hypothesis.
An observation most of the people use the methodology instinctively, without being aware they’re doing it. Simply picking out which pair of shoes best complements your favorite outfit is an exercise within the methodology. So if you’re conversant in the scientific process, the nursing planning process probably seems familiar. Nursing process steps. The nursing planning process encompasses five steps:
- Nursing diagnosis
Following these steps systematically within the order shown here enables you to organize and prioritize patient care within the order that’s needed – especially critical for the novice nursing student. It also helps make sure that you do not skip or overlook important patient information. When used correctly, the Nanda Nursing Diagnosis List process ensures that the care plan is revised when new problems arise or patient outcomes remain unmet. It also allows the nurse care decision to be discontinued when patient outcomes are met.