Anemia is a condition where blood cells are lower than required, or the hemoglobin concentration has decreased beyond normal.

Hemoglobin has a vital role to play in our body’s functioning. It is destined to carry oxygen to all the parts of the body. However, with the decreased concentration of the same, the tissues are unable to receive the required amount of oxygen and end up causing fatigue, weakness, dizziness and shortness of breath.

The illness is capable of hampering your health score to a great extent. Therefore, to find out the cause and treat the same at the earliest to maintain the same. 

An attempt has been made underneath to help you out on how to deal with the same.

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What are the symptoms of Anemia?

Anemia indicates poor health and a lack of nutrition in the human body. As enumerated above, it can cause symptoms such as:

  • Headache
  • Pain in bones, chest, belly, and joints
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Skin that is pale or yellow
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • No growth in children
  • Fast or unusual heartbeat
  • Dizziness or drowsiness
  • Jaundice
  • A heart murmur
  • Constipation
  • Trouble concentrating
  • An enlarged spleen or liver

Besides, it can also affect your family’s mental conditioning and overall well-being. The same can also influence your health score.

The symptoms can hamper your daily life and can be a cause of significant trouble at times. The earlier it is diagnosed and treated, the easier it is to get rid of the ailment. 

How can Anemia be diagnosed?

Your practitioner will call for a Complete Blood Count (CBC) that can measure factors like RBC, hemoglobin levels, and hematocrit levels.

The same shall be accompanied by your brief family history and overall medical background check.

Other tests that the practitioner might recommend include:

  • Serum Iron Levels
  • Ferritin Test
  • Vitamin B-12 Test
  • Folic Acid Test
  • Stool test for occult blood
  • Chest X-Rays
  • Ct Scan of your abdomen
  • Upper GI
  • Barium Enema

What are the types of Anemia?

Anemia is characterized into the following three parts:

  1. Anemia is caused by blood loss.
  2. The destruction of red blood cells causes anemia.
  3. Anemia is caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production.

What are the risk factors?

Several factors make you susceptible to the ailment:

  • Poor Diet and insufficient nutrition
  • Intestinal disorders
  • Age
  • Family History
  • Chronic Conditions
  • Pregnancy
  • Menstruation

How to deal with it?

Several treatment options available have been explained below

  Iron – Deficiency Anemia  Changes in the dietary input and supplements prescribed by your practitioner can do wonders in increasing your health score.   The practitioner can prescribe you with becosules capsules to get rid of the deficiency.    Further, the following foods high in iron content can be consumed as a natural remedy:   TofuEggsNuts and Seeds Brown ricePulses and Beans Leafy green vegetables like kale, and watercress    
  Vitamin Deficiency Anemia  Vitamin B-12 shots can prove to be helpful in this case, practitioners can also prescribe multivitamins such as becosules capsule totreat the same accompanied by dietary changes deemed necessary.   Some food rich in Vitamin B-12 include:   FishMeatPoultryEggsOther Dairy Products  
  Hemolytic Anemia  Drugs that filter the blood are used hereby such as immunosuppressant drugs, treatments for infections, and plasmapheresis.  
  Sickle Cell Anemia  In this case cancer drugs named hydroxyurea or antibiotics, folic acid supplements and blood transfusions have proved to be helpful.  
  Aplastic Anemia    Bone marrow transplants or blood transfusions are used in such cases.  
  Anemia caused by other chronic disease    The primary focus is to treat the other condition that has erupted as a cause for the same.  
  Thalassemia    Treatments in this case are generally folic acid supplements, or blood transfusions or bone marrow transplant.  

To conclude, there are several types of anemia caused by blood loss, reduced or impaired red blood cells which can be treated by taking becosules capsules. Anemia is a severe global public health issue that disproportionately affects children under five and pregnant women. According to the WHO, 42% of children under five and 40% of pregnant women are anemic worldwide. For some people minor dietary changes can help solve the issue while for others major treatment shall be required. Since, it affects the functioning of the body to a great extent it can influence your health score badly.  

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Nishi Singh is a professional journalist and editor in New Delhi. She has studied Mass Communication from National Institute of Mass Communication.