In reality, few elements are required to set up a small chicken farm at home. Of course, it is important to have a place to install the chicken coop, enough light and adequate feed to offer it to our poultry. The first step for this livestock objective, on a small scale, is to acquire chicks in order to observe the development they have from their rearing stage until they reach adulthood. If we get the right results, we will soon see that this dynamic is extremely stimulating and fruitful with a large range of egg’s products.
The next thing is to get a cardboard box to condition the place for the chickens. It is also essential to install a feeder and water trough in this small henhouse so that the young can satisfy their needs whenever they want. Over 2 months, the body development that the chicks will gradually have will be observed. The initial weeks will require a heat source that has at least 32 degrees.
The best conditions for the physical development of the chicks. To achieve this warm environment, it will be necessary to install small lights so that the chicks obtain the necessary heat to develop without diseases. This artificial heat that will be achieved with the bulbs is essential, since the first weeks of a chick’s life are key to its correct physical growth.
Once the fourth week of life of the chicks is completed, it becomes necessary to put a small close in the space where these birds are found. Thanks to this measure, the chicks will be able to take walks and receive the always healthy rays of the sun. To achieve this, we will place the chick box in a medium-sized pen, which has an opening as a door. With this, the chicks will have a way to freely enter and exit their box.
The correct feeding of the chicks
It is time to comment on the feed that should be offered to chickens. During the initial days of life of these babies they should receive a balanced diet, although, once the third month is over, different elements can be added to their daily diet, such as insects, grasses, cereals, food scraps. everyday worms and vegetables.
After the fifth month of the chicks’ life has been completed, if we plan for the hens to lay eggs, it will be necessary to offer these birds, day by day, 100 grams of feed, of which at least 15 grams must be protein. , basic nutritional element for the correct development of eggs.
The daily diet for poultry
The usual diet of farm and hatchery birds should include three kinds of food: those with abundant vitamins and minerals, nutritional elements that help prevent disease; foods that are generous in carbohydrates and fats, due to their great capacity to provide energy to the animals that consume them, and finally, those foods that are rich in proteins, which allow a healthy development of the animal and that also manages to lay eggs in perfect terms.
A dietary practice for the nutrition of laying hens that is used in many farms around the world is to grind eggshells and offer them as food to these birds. It will also be important that the hens have plenty of fresh water, that is, the drinkers must always have the vital liquid.
If there is a vegetable garden on the farm, the organic remains derived from it can be used to feed chickens and hens. With this measure, the diet of our specimens will be much more complete and positive. On the other hand, the coarse-grained sand is very useful for these birds, since this way they can grind the cereals they eat on a daily basis in their gizzards.
From chicken to hen, necessary changes
As soon as they reach the fifth month of life, the hens can finally leave their crate and remain safely at room temperature. What follows is to create a small corral for them, or to allow them to roam freely on the land of our farm. However, if this last alternative is chosen, we must take care that our birds are not exposed to the danger that the presence of a predator implies, or that they get lost or become ill.