There are many ways to learn Git, and the best way is by Git commands. There are many git commands, and as a beginner, you should know what is required and valuable.
In this article, I will explain only useful git commands to kickstart your journey with Git.
Before that, let me share the background information about Git. Linus Torvalds developed it in 2005. He is the guy who wrote the Linux kernel. In Linux, you must use the Command-Line most of the time.
And that’s one of the reasons I encourage new developers to start with the command line and learn git commands. It will help them to learn it fast.
So let me share 7 useful git commands.
Useful Git Commands
Git init is the first command which you will use to initialize your git repository.
When you run this command in a directory on your computer, it will create a new .git folder in that directory. And this git folder is the actual, local Git repository, and it contains all of the structure and metadata of a Git repository.
It’s worth noting that just executing the Git init command in an existing project won’t add any existing files to the new repository. Git init merely generates a new empty repository.
Syntax of Git init command.
$ Git init
In case you have a project that exists in a remote repository, the most frequent approach for users to get a copy is via the git clone command.
Cloning, like Git init, is often a one-time operation. All version control activities and collaborations are managed through a developer’s local repository after receiving a functional copy.
- Git clone command is used to generate a duplicate of a target repository.
- The destination repository might be either local or remote.
Syntax of Git clone command
$git clone <remote_url>
Branching allows you to work on a new feature without impacting the rest of the codebase. The branching capability of Git allows for the development of new branches inside a project.
Additional created branches may then be used to test code changes without interfering with the main project code. If the modifications are successful, the branch can be merged back into the main branch.
git branch <branch-name>
“Checking out” in Git implies making a specific state your current working state: the actual files in your Working Copy will be those from that specific point in time.
You can go through how to checkout branches and particular revisions in Git HEAD in this tutorial.
Most of the time, you’ll want to check out a branch (and not a specific revision). Branches are beneficial since they are references to the most recent commit in a given context.
This implies that branches don’t honestly point to a specific commit but rather to the most recent commit on the relevant branch. This also means that the branch pointer is immediately shifted to the most recent commit whenever a new commit is made in that context. The user is not required to perform this manually.
git checkout branch_name
Git adds a command to use to add a file to the Git staging area. The staging section includes a list of all the files you’ve lately modified. When you create a commit with your modifications, your repository will be updated.
As a result, performing the git add command does not affect your work in the Git repository. Changes to your repository are only made when you use the git commit command.
The Git add command has the following syntax:
Git add <single filename>
to add all the files, use the following syntax
git add –all
Before using the “git commit” command, you must specifically tell Git which changes you wish to include in the commit.
This implies that if a file is modified, it will not be automatically included in the following commit. Instead, use the “git add” command to mark the required modifications for inclusion.
To avoid unwanted files in your repo you can use the Git Ignore file.
Also, unlike Subversion, a commit in Git is not automatically transmitted to the remote server. The “git commit” command simply saves a new commit object to the local Git repository. Exchanging commits must be done explicitly and manually (with the “git fetch,” “git pull,” and “git push” commands).
git commit -m “commit message.”
The git push command is for uploading material from a local repository to a remote repository. Pushing is the process of transferring commits from your local repository to a remote repository. However, instead of importing commits to local branches, it is the inverse of git fetch instead of importing commits to local branches, pushing exports commits to distant branches. The git remote command is to set up remote branches. Pushing has the potential to be dangerous as it can overwrite code files.
git push <remote> <branch>
These are the seven basic commands which you need to learn.
Git is the most popular version control system in use today.
A Git workflow is a method or suggestion for using Git to do tasks regularly and productively. Git workflows help developers and DevOps teams to use Git effectively and consistently.
Git allows users to handle changes in a variety of ways. Given Git’s emphasis on flexibility, there is no standardized way to interface with Git. It’s critical to ensure that everyone in the team agrees on how the flow of changes will be implemented.
So you can use Git commands to make your own git flow as per the requirements. Hope you like this article and these useful git commands help you in learning Git fast.