Boreholes are an essential alternative water source, especially in dry or densely populated towns with little water. A borehole water pump will help you obtain underground water directly into taps that you can easily access. This article aims to look at the features of some of the borehole water pumps currently retailing in our markets.
In this era of drastic climatic changes, natural calamities such as drought and floods continue to rise daily. Kenya is battling one of the harshest droughts ever to hit the country. With this, essential natural resources continue to grow scarce. Boreholes are a perfect solution to water shortages. We, however, need an excellent borehole water pump for this. Below are some of the features you should look out for when purchasing one:
The head of the pump
The head of the pump generally refers to the depth through which the pump can pull water upwards from the ground. It is typically measured in meters, and we can determine how much pressure the water pump can withstand from its value. If a pump is given an 80 meters head, it can pull water upwards to a distance of 80 meters.
Means of power through which the pump operates
Currently, in the market, there are solar pumps, electric pumps, and hybrids of both electric and solar pumps. Solar pumps, just as the name suggests, use the sun’s energy to power up their activities. They, therefore, need to have a solar panel attached to the pump to supply power. On the other hand, electric pumps use electricity to run their operations. Hybrid pumps are geared to use electricity and solar power sources. During a sunny day, it can tap into solar energy, use its power, and shift to electricity when its solar energy is absent.
The price of borehole water pumps may differ due to the different types existing in the market. The electric borehole water pump could be the cheapest to purchase. However, you have to incur other costs such as paying its electricity bills to use it. This cost is followed by the solar water pump, which is relatively expensive to purchase since you also have to install solar panels, but you incur no other running costs. A hybrid pump is the most costly since it incorporates solar and electrical components. However, it could be the most convenient since its operations are not affected by the lack of sunny weather conditions.
Size of the motor
All motors have an inbuilt engine from which the water pump gets its power. This power is usually in Horsepower or kilowatts. The size of the motor determines the size of the water pump. Therefore, a big engine will have a big water pump and vice versa. The motor size will also determine the cost of buying a borehole water pump.
The borehole water pump’s flow rate
A solar pump’s flow rate refers to the water quantity a pump can discharge at a particular period. This information is crucial and will be compared with the rate at which the borehole recharges. If the pump’s flow rate supersedes the rate at which the borehole recharges, the borehole could likely end up dry. On occasion, it is lower than the recommended rate by the test report, and it is likely to get very little water.The features and factors discussed are essential in helping you know which borehole water pump will suit your needs best. Making an informed decision can stay within your budget while getting the most value for your money. Check more about water pumps.