The rapid progression of technology has enables us to lead our lives in better and more comfortable ways. The digitalization of various processes in our everyday lives like gas, atm or even groceries has enabled us to lead more productive lives.
However, with the advent of population, there is an increasing demand more cities, energy and water. There will be an increase in the crime rate, pollution, traffic and congestion. Thus, scientists and sociologists have predicted that the future lies in smart cities. This concept has been made possible due to the introduction of Iot or Internet of Things.
IoT helps to combine artificial and human intelligence to create a more seamless and data driven environment where man can control even the tiniest bit of activity. It refers to all the devices connected over a network.
These devices can upload data and exchange it with other devices, thus creating a network for the common sharing of information.
Iot is already being used in the medical and military fields where complex computers work together to produce results related to the task in hand. Thus, combining our everyday lives with Iot will result in a more productive and efficient lifestyle.
The need to create smart cities is more now than ever. With an expected rise of 300 % in population in the next 100 years, it is necessary to create a stable environment where people live and work in a balanced manner.
Smart cities combine technology with construction to create a more sustainable space where people thrive. For e.g., in Singapore, the government has 3d geospatial data of the entire city. This enables them to have a detailed view of each and every location of the city.
Thus, city planners are able to determine flooding, traffic congestion, energy consumption, diseases, etc. This allows the government to prepare for any disasters or calamities. There is a balance of energy in the city and vehicles can ply smoothly thanks to the given data.
Thus, smart cities are a necessity for the future where cities can use Iot to create a sustainable and efficient infrastructure for managing resources, flow of traffic, population behavior, economy and even improve the overall quality of life for people. Some of the ways Iot can be used for smart cities are
- If an accident has occurred in one place, data from Iot can help traffic personnel route cars away from the specific area and determine the best available way.
- If an ambulance is plying on the road, the sound of it can alarm a nearby hospital to prepare for its arrival. Meanwhile, the traffic lights can be programmed to stop all traffic and let the ambulance pass.
- Smart parking can enable vehicle owners to find a spot during peak hours, where traffic cones can be fitted with sensors to determine available spots.
- Smart lighting of the city will reduce consumption of energy at scheduled hours when there are few people on the roads.
- Energy of buildings can be monitored and distributed accordingly.
- In case of natural disasters, warnings at the early stage can help fire stations, hospitals and even residents prepare for it well in advance, thus reducing the damage and chances of serious injury.
Smart agriculture and farming
IoT can help cattle and livestock lead better and longer lives. Diseases and illness of cattle can be reported early with Iot which can increase the productivity of these animals. Temperature, humidity and lighting can be controlled in sheds, barns, stables, etc. This can lead to optimal conditions for animals to thrive in.
Animals can be made to wear sensors and farmers can track their live location, check on any sick animals and prevent the spread of illnesses among them. Pests can also be dealt with by installing sensors on captured ones which can lead us to their nests so that they can be terminated.
Sensors on beehives can give essential information about the quantity and quality of honey produced. It can also signal when a beehive is under attack by locusts or hornets.
Crops can be grown under controlled factors in room where lights, water and temperature and nutrients are closely monitored by machines. The need for human intervention in farming can be eliminated by installing sensors which allow the crops to be watered and the soil, fertilized.