How Does Incontinence Differ From The Other Types? 

People can suffer from loss of bladder control due to advancing age or other underlying health issues. While most people can handle the condition at home, it may become embarrassing when they go out. The lack of voluntary control in urine retention can make affected people stay at home. It may make you feel self-conscious and avoid the company of others. It is a condition that requires attention. Do you wish to learn more about it? Read ahead. 

About Involuntary Leaking Of Urine 

Lack of self-restraint in controlling urine may have become one of the most common problems among people. The World Health Organization has recognized it as a prevalent health issue. People affected by the condition can experience involuntary leaking of urine varying in severity. Some may pass a little urine when they sneeze or cough. Others with severe problems can feel the sudden urge to urinate. In such cases, the strong urge to urinate results in the affected people not reaching the toilet in time. 

Reasons Triggering Involuntary Urine Leakage 

The condition known as incontinence affects people due to developing weakness in their urinary bladder muscles. People affected by the problem may fail to generate the necessary strength to close the urethra. The condition can affect the quality of life depending on the severity.  

Involuntary urine leakage can affect women more than men. Studies indicate that women face the problem at twice the rate as men. Scientists believe women face the problem due to experiencing physical trauma to the urinary bladder, urethra, and supporting muscles. Menopause can also trigger the problem. 

Symptoms To Lookout 

When should you address the problem of involuntary urine leakage? Here are some signs indicating a problem: 

  • Continuous urge to urinate 
  • Going to the restroom frequently 
  • Tendency to urinate before reaching the bathroom 
  • Bedwetting at night 

Different Types Of Urinary Incontinence 

You can classify the problem based on the underlying reason triggering involuntary urine leakage. Scroll ahead to know the common types.  

Stress Incontinence 

It occurs when involuntary urine leakage happens due to excess pressure on the urinary bladder due to increased abdominal pressure. Here, stress refers to the physical strain leading to loss of bladder control. Affected people may experience urine leakage in small amounts. But, severe cases can lead to losing control of a full bladder. Such people may not feel the urge to urinate. Loss of urine occurs when they perform physical activity or lift heavy objects. Women may develop the problem when they reach menopause. 

Overactive Bladder 

Are you feeling an urge to urinate without your bladder becoming full? The condition may point to an overactive bladder. It is a condition prevalent among men and women. People experiencing it feel an overwhelming need to urinate immediately and frequently. Unfortunately, they may never reach the restroom and can experience urine leakage. While affected people may not experience accidents, urgent and frequent visits to the bathroom can interfere with their professional and social life. 

The condition may develop due to the urinary bladder muscle not functioning well. The bladder muscle or detrusor can contract to signal the need to urinate without the bladder becoming full. Doctors name this condition as detrusor overactivity. It is a problem affecting people with diabetes, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s. 

Mixed Incontinence 

Some people develop involuntary urine leakage due to physical exertion on the bladder and bladder issues. The mix of two conditions can affect the quality of life. It is a condition affecting women and men. Men suffering from this problem develop it due to undergoing prostate surgery or removal of the prostate. 

Overflow Incontinence 

It is the condition where affected people can see urine leakage in small amounts due to the bladder not emptying fully. Men may experience the problem due to enlarged prostates. The enlarged prostate can block the urethra from releasing urine. Diabetes or spinal cord injuries can also prevent the bladder from emptying urine. 

Functional Incontinence 

People experiencing the condition can control their bladder. But, they suffer from other underlying health conditions that may lead to involuntary urine leakage. People with mental illness or loss of cognitive function due to dementia may not realize the need to use the bathroom. If you suffer from mobility issues due to arthritis or other conditions, you can suffer from this problem. They experience urine leakage due to trouble moving fast to reach the toilet. 

Reflex Incontinence 

With this condition, the muscles in the bladder can contract, leading to urine leaks without warning or an urge to urinate. The urine leaks in large amounts may trigger severe discomfort in affected people. Such issues may happen due to damage affecting the nerves sending warning signals to the brain about the full bladder. Severe neurological impairment caused due to spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, or other injuries/damage from radiation treatment or surgery can result in the condition. 


Involuntary urine leakage may not threaten your life. But the condition can impact various aspects of your life. You may shy away from social commitments and adversely affect your family life. Involuntary urine leakage can lead to restricted lifestyles and social isolation. You should address the problem affecting your quality of life. Using pads and protective garments may help you with mild cases or urine leakage without others knowing it. These products may ease the inconvenience and discomfort triggered by the problem. For a severe condition, consult a medical expert to get ideal solutions depending on your health condition.