A home automation system automates the operations of various home appliances, so their usage becomes more convenient and reduces energy consumption.
The technique involves automatic control of various electrical or electronic devices in the home or remotely using wireless communication. Lights, HVAC, audio/video, security, kitchen appliances, and other equipment used in the home are controlled centrally.
There is no limit to the kind of automation in an open-source smart home using the right technology. However, you have to decide what you want to achieve and the best way to do it.
The system is implemented by sensors, controlling devices, and actuators. The sensors are used to detect light, motion, temperature, and other sensing elements. They send the data to the primary controlling devices. These sensors can be thermocouples or thermistors, photodetectors, level sensors, pressure sensors, current transformers, IR sensors, etc. These need additional signaling equipment to communicate with the main controller.
The controllers could be laptops, touchpads, smartphones attached to the controlling devices like programmable logic controllers. They get the information from the sensors and control the actuators.
Actuators are the devices like switches, relays, motors that finally control the home equipment. Communication plays a vital role in the home automation system to control remote access to the operations.
Here are the most useful home automation equipment
1# Automated Lights
Sensors are used to turn on lights as soon as someone enters the room. These are very useful in hallways and staircases, where light switches can be difficult to be located. These lights can be programmed in advanced ways. For instance, you can dim the lights after 10 pm and increase the brightness to only 30 percent. It makes getting up during the night easy.
2# Automatic Door Locks
Sensors can detect your smartphone as soon as you arrive home. They automatically unlock the front door or open the garage for you.
The unlocking also activates other systems like lights, music, and heating. These systems recognize different people and make the customizations as per the preference set.
3# Smart Security Cameras
Smart security cameras are capable of detect motion outside the home. They send the notification to you on the smartphone and send live images. It helps you to assess the situation and take appropriate action.
4# Automatic Blinds
The sensors detect the temperature and brightness in a room. They automatically close or open blinds to adjust the temperature and reduce the need for heating and cooling. On a hot summer day, blinds can close automatically. Similarly, on a sunny winter day, they open automatically to let the direct sunlight come in and reduce the amount of heating needed.
5# Automated Heating And Cooling
You can program heating and cooling to turn automatically at specific times or temperatures. You can also get them turned off automatically if sensors detect an empty room.
When Should You Go For Home Automation?
The best time to install home automation technology is during construction on renovating process is going on. The advanced systems require wiring and other considerations to deliver the open-source smart home.