High Prolactin Levels: Causes And Side Effects

Women have to be very cautious about their bodies and need to take care of the same. Among several other problems that prevail in women in large numbers, one is hyperprolactinemia. Read about it further and know its meaning, causes, and symptoms.


What is Hyperprolactinemia?


A condition where the body has higher levels of prolactin than it requires is called hyperprolactinemia. The pituitary gland is a small hormone-secreting gland at the base of the brain. This gland produces prolactin hormone, which plays an essential role in the smooth functioning of several body functions. In a woman’s body, proper prolactin levels are crucial for ovulation, immunity, blood cell formation, reproduction, and, most importantly, breast milk production, i.e., lactation.


Irregular prolactin levels or unmanaged hyperprolactinemia in women can lead to osteoporosis affects bone density as well as fertility. Some severe cases also note neurological symptoms. The detailed discussion of the visible and prevalent signs is done later in the article.


What causes the body to produce high prolactin hormones?


When the pituitary gland produces more than normal levels of prolactin, the problem begins. Now several reasons can cause pituitary glands to do so. One common cause could be prolactinoma. This is a condition when the gland grows big or has a tumor. Such tumors could be small or large and cause high levels of prolactin. Small tumors are called microprolactinomas, whereas the large ones are called macroprolactinomas. The situation becomes a little dangerous in the case of large cysts that cause headaches and vision problems. If you first read cabergoline dosage then there is less chance of cabergoline side effect. You can order generic cabergoline for generic island 


With the common cause being prolactinoma, other reasons may be the prescribed medicines. Certain diseases or health problems require medication that might increase prolactin levels. Some of such health problems are mentioned below.

  • Depression
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • High blood pressure
  • Birth control pills
  • Mental health disorders


Medications to these problems also have a high chance of leading to hyperprolactinemia. However, few other causes include

  • Underactive thyroid or lack of thyroid hormone
  • Hypothalamus
  • Shingles or other chest wall injuries
  • Kidney and chronic liver diseases
  • Pregnancy
  • Tumors


How Common Is Hyperprolactinemia?


The prevalence of hyperprolactinemia varies among different populations, but women are more prone to the problem. The symptoms also might differ as per gender. According to research estimates in a random adult sample, around 0.4% of people are likely to have high prolactin hormones. However, in the case of women who are suffering from reproductive diseases, the percentage rises to between 9 and 17%. This is why women should not at all be negligent about any reproductive problems they face. If they notice anything suspicious with their body or reproductive organs, they should consult the doctor with no hesitation and zero delay. The symptoms of hyperprolactinemia are mentioned in the article to help you make up your mind.


Symptoms or side effects of Hyperprolactinemia


High prolactin levels release several symptoms that can be easily noticed. The problem is likely to affect the reproductive functions and organs the most. This is because elevated prolactin tends to suppress the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).


Here are a few symptoms that a patient of hyperprolactinemia may experience:

  • Irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles
  • Absence of periods, i.e., amenorrhea
  • Neurological problems such as unclear vision and headaches
  • Infertility
  • Abnormal and excessive hair growth
  • Uncomfort or pain during intercourse
  • Leakage of white milk from nipples
  • Loss of libido
  • Dryness of vagina


Now you know the causes and symptoms of high levels of prolactin. If you notice such symptoms, visit your doctor as soon as possible and seek the required medication.

Ellen Hollington

Ellen Hollington is a freelance writer who offers to ghostwrite, copywriting, and blogging services. She works closely with B2C and B2B businesses providing digital marketing content that gains social media attention and increases their search engine visibility.