GENERAL

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) During Pregnancy

What is high blood pressure?

The force that blood exerts against the blood vessel’s walls. It pumps blood to the blood vessels (blood vessels) which carry the circulation of blood through the entire body. The term “high blood pressure,” also known as hypertension, indicates that the pressure inside the arteries is greater than the normal level.

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What makes the high blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy different from normal blood pressure levels in other times?

Pregnancy with high blood pressure could affect the body’s structure in several different ways than it normally would. Women who suffer from excessive blood pressure are at higher risk of having complications before as well as after birth. Not only is the health of the mother at risk, but also the baby could be affected by the high blood pressure that occurs during the pregnancy.

High blood pressure in pregnancy can impact the development of the placenta. This can lead to the oxygen and nutrient supply to the infant being reduced. This could result in premature birth or low birth weight, birth separation (abruption), and other issues for the baby.

What are the different types that are high blood pressure (hypertension) while pregnant?

Blood pressure that is high (hypertension) can cause complications for around 10% of all pregnancies. There are a variety of types of hypertension that can be found during pregnancy. The severity of these types varies and affects our bodies. The different types that are high in blood pressure that can be found during pregnancy are:

Chronic hypertension A high blood pressure occurs prior to pregnancy.

Chronic hypertension and preeclampsia superimposed, also known as Preeclampsia that develops in a person who suffers from persistent hypertension (high blood pressure prior to becoming pregnant).

Gestational Hypertension: High blood pressure is evident during the last few weeks of pregnancy, however, there are no other indications or signs of preeclampsia appearing. Women who are predisposed to be diagnosed with preeclampsia. Others may suffer from elevated blood pressure (chronic hypertension) prior to the time of pregnancy.

Preeclampsia is a condition present in the second part of pregnancy that causes hypertension, protein levels in the urine, and generalized swelling of the mother. It could affect other organs of the body, as well as trigger seizures (eclampsia).

Who is more at risk to develop high blood pressure (hypertension) while pregnant?

The likelihood for a woman be diagnosed with hypertension (hypertension) during her pregnancy when she:

  • Is younger than 20 or is over 40 years old.
  • Is a victim of hypertension chronic (high blood pressure prior to becoming pregnant)
  • Have you had gestational hypertension or preeclampsia in the past during pregnancy
  • There is a history in the family of gestational hypertension
  • Is there gestational or diabetes as well as diabetes?
  • Is overweight
  • Is there an immune disorder like Lupus
  • Does kidney disease affect you?
  • Is expecting multiple babies
  • The in vitro fertilization was successful.
  • Is African American

What are the risks associated with the risk of high blood pressure (hypertension) while pregnant?

High blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy may stop the placenta (the food source for the baby inside the womb) from getting sufficient blood. The reduced amount of blood to the placenta may cause a baby to have a low birth weight. Other issues can result due to high blood pressure in pregnancy. These problems do not happen to all women who have hypertension. These conditions can be:

  • Seizures in the mother.
  • Stroke
  • Temporary kidney failure
  • Liver issues
  • Problems with blood clotting
  • Placental abruption: The baby’s placenta is pulled away from the uterus’ wall which causes discomfort to the baby as well as bleeding of the mother.
  • Premature (early) birth of the baby
  • A cesarean delivery

How can hypertension (hypertension) in pregnancy be addressed?

High blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy can be managed in different ways, based on the degree, cause, and the time at which it begins. Mothers suffering from all types of hypertension should be closely monitored. This may involve more appointments with the doctor, ultrasound, and other tests to check the health of the baby (monitoring of the fetal heart activity or rate).