We all know that visiting the dentist every six months is essential and also considered a standard, however, only a few people know why booking an appointment with your dentist is important. One of the many reasons for checking in your dentist regularly is to prevent periodontal disease which is also known as gum disease.
What is Gum disease?
Gum disease or periodontal disease is the inflammation of the tissue around the teeth, especially the gum. Gingivitis, which is a small form of gum disease, starts when the gums become swollen and red. This may also cause gum bleeding. If it is addressed and treated immediately, the disease can become less severe but if left untreated, it can develop into periodontal disease, which is a more serious form of gum disease and can eventually lead to infection and loose teeth that must be removed.
What causes gum disease?
The human mount consists of millions of bacterial cells that combine with the mucus and food particles and forms plaque and tarter, the coatings on the teeth and gums. These substances can be removed through regular brushing and flossing of teeth. But if they aren’t removed regularly, they can cause harm to your teeth including gingivitis and periodontitis.
What are the symptoms?
Gingivitis is the swollen, red and bleeding gums. You may also have bad breath and pain or tenderness in the gums when you chew. Periodontitis is more serious than this because if the gum disease advances this much, your gums start receding from the teeth. This may cause small gaps between the gums and your teeth which can further fill more bacteria and become infected. This may cause lead to heavy bleeding, swelling and you could even lose some of your sensitive teeth.
What are the health risks?
Since your body reacts to the bacterial infections the natural enzymes of your immune system begin breaking down your teeth which may lead to teeth loss. The mouth infection may even spread to the other parts of your body if you don’t treat it on time. Moreover, the studies have shown that it may also increase the risk of heart disease in some patients.
Periodontal disease treatment
The best way to prevent gum disease is to brush and floss your teeth regularly, visiting your dentist regularly and avoiding activities that trigger this disease such as smoking and consuming tobacco. There are many periodontal disease treatments but the best thing would be if it is caught early.
If you are going through any of the above-discussed symptoms, then make sure to book an appointment with your dentist s as soon as possible. Your dentist will do a thorough checkup and run a few tests to know the situation more deeply. After this only they will suggest the best periodontal disease treatment for your teeth.