Cuts, abrasions, scratches and burns: how often have you had to deal with these troubles and lose time in choosing the right treatment methods. How to actually provide medical care for various types of wounds and not get lost in the variety of plasters and dressings – in the material
No matter how trite it may sound, but before you touch the wound and resort to its treatment, you must thoroughly wash your hands with soap. Unfortunately, many of us, faced with the stress of first aid, forget about this simple and very important step.
Stop the bleeding
If you have a bleeding wound, do not panic! Most small cuts and abrasions stop bleeding fast enough. Moreover, blood helps to cleanse the wound.
Independently, this process can be stopped by clamping the wound with a sterile bandage, gauze or a special swab.
If the blood infiltrates the bandage, apply another one, directly on top of the old one, without removing it, otherwise you may accidentally open the wound and provoke new bleeding.
Rinse the wound thoroughly
The best way to clean the wound and prevent infection is to rinse it thoroughly with cool tap water for at least 5 minutes. Paradoxical as it may sound, the use of antiseptics available at Long Beach pharmacy such as hydrogen peroxide and rubbing alcohol to clean the wound can cause serious burns to already damaged skin and slow down the healing process.
Carefully clean the surface around the wound with soap and water and remove any visible contaminants or splinters with pre-sanitized tweezers. Then gently pat the skin with a clean, dry towel.
Antibacterial creams and ointments not only protect the wound from infection, but also keep it moisturized, preventing it from drying out. The ointment should be applied in a thin layer. If a rash appears after application of the antibiotic, in this case its use must be discontinued.
After a cut or abrasion, our body starts the instant healing process. White blood cells begin to attack the bacteria causing the infection. Platelets and fibrin create a jelly-like clot over the wound, which is soon covered with a protective crust. To speed up the healing process, it is very important to keep this crust intact, protecting it with a band-aid or bandage.
The type of patch or dressing, as well as how they are applied, will depend on the nature and location of the wound.
Scratches and cuts on the face
Small wounds on the face are not as terrible as they might seem at first glance. Due to the abundance of blood vessels, they can bleed heavily. However, do not worry, after you stop the bleeding, you will need either a very thin patch strip, or you can do without a band-aid at all. However, in some cases, in order to avoid infection or improper scarring of tissues, it is better to consult a specialist for suturing. They may be needed if you have a too deep or long cut, more than one and a half centimeters, or if the wound is caused by a jagged object.
Cuts on hands and feet
Hands and feet are more prone to contamination than other parts of the body, so even small cuts and wounds in these areas must be covered. For this purpose, bactericidal patches, which are most often available in the form of strips, are best suited. They usually have a tissue or gauze surface impregnated with an antibacterial component. In addition to its antiseptic effect, such patches will help protect the wound from rubbing with socks or shoes.
It is advisable to change bactericides daily, as well as in the event of wetting or contamination. In case of deep cuts and stabbing wounds, seek professional help.
Cuts and scratches on knuckles, toes and heels
Due to its excessive mobility, wounds on the knuckles and fingers are not always easily treatable. Whereas in such open places of infection, it is easiest to penetrate the wound. Hourglass patches or carved H-shaped letters easily wrap around the tip of your finger, and also hold firmly on your knuckles.