Succulents are of interest to consumers and the media today. Mainly because of their multiple shapes and colors, drought resistance and beauty, they are very popular with interior designers, Generation X and Y people, collectors and children. The formats available on the market include pots from 7.5 cm to 15 cm, mini-gardens and magnetic pots. For their marketing, it is important to present succulents in decorative and original pots that give them distinction and added value compared to other more conventional plants. There are hundreds of cultivars on the Succulent Market.
Why Are They Called Succulents
They are called “succulents” because of their thick, fleshy leaves. The term comes from the Latin suculentus which means “full of juice”. succulents are also called “succulents”. They are made up of several very varied botanical families originating in arid regions with poor soils. Their morphology allows water to be stored in the leaves, stems and roots, hence their resistance to lack of water. As you will buy succulents online you will also see that another important characteristic that differentiates succulents is the mechanism of carbon dioxide uptake during photosynthesis. Usually for the vast majority of plants such as petunias, impatiens and vegetables, CO 2enters the leaves during the day through small pores called stomata. In the case of succulents, on the contrary, the stomata are open at night and the diffusion of CO 2 towards the tissues of the plant is exclusively nocturnal. The next day, in daylight and with closed stomata, photosynthetic reactions assimilate CO 2 into sugars. The sugars will be used for the growth of the plant. This metabolism called CAM is an adaptation to desert conditions where water is a limited resource. You can order succulents online and make the best use of the same.
Some species and cultivars are “fast” growing while others are very slow. For example, some Echeveria started from 84 cells can be marketed in a 12.5 cm pot after 9-12 weeks. Others, like some Aloes, require more than 6 months. Consult your representative and the Succulent Market catalogs for the choice of species and varieties.
From unrooted or rooted cuttings. Available in cell size trays of 32, 50, 72, 84 and 105. It is possible to have multiple cultivars in the same tray. These cultivars are usually the same size in the cabaret, but the cultivation time may be somewhat different.
- Substrate temperature 22-24 o C during rooting. Very slightly damp substrate.
- pH 5.8-6.3 and conductivity 0.5-0.8 (2: 1) in production.
As succulents come from dry regions, it is recommended to use a draining or high porosity substrate. If the substrate takes too long to dry, the risk of root diseases will be higher. Another rule of thumb to know is: the smaller and lower the container (low in height), the less draining it is. PAN and azalea type pots are preferably used planters for mini-gardens and these pots have little height. So the use of a draining substrate will improve the performance of the succulents in these containers. Consult your representative for the choice of substrate.