Exploring the Brain: A Guide to the Different Kinds of Strokes

Did you know that the recent health crisis is causing strokes in the youth?

The virus attacks the lungs and causes severe inflammation. This prevents oxygen from reaching the bloodstream. Many reports across the world show increased clotting in various patients.

More than 795,000 Americans suffer from a stroke yearly. You may already know that cardiovascular health is one of the main concerns of Americans. However, did you know that there are various types of strokes?

In this article, we show you the different kinds of strokes. Read on to discover more about strokes through this guide.

What Is a Stroke?

When the blood flow to your brain gets interrupted, you may suffer from a stroke. Your brain cells start dying when your brain doesn’t receive an adequate amount of blood. This causes serious symptoms, and in some cases, permanent disabilities or death.

This medical emergency affects the arteries within and leading to the brain. Blood flow to the brain may get interrupted by clots and bursts or ruptures. Below is an in-depth guide about the difference between ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.

Knowing the different kinds of strokes can help you find out their effects. Learn more below.

Different Kinds of Strokes

There are three main different kinds of stroke. Here’s a brief guide to transient ischemic, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke.

Transient Ischemic Attack

A transient ischemic attack, or a TIA, is sometimes referred to as a ministroke. This form of stroke shows temporary symptoms like those you would get with a stroke. It can last for as little as five minutes, caused by a temporary loss of blood supply to a part of your brain.

TIA occurs when debris or clots blocks the blood flow to your nervous system. Even if your symptoms got better, seek immediate help. It may be difficult to differentiate TIA from a stroke based only on symptoms.

Having a TIA means you have a narrow or blocked artery leading to your brain. This can increase your chances of having a stroke in the future.

Ischemic Stroke

Reports suggest that 87% of strokes are ischemic, making it the most common type of stroke. This happens when thick blood clots block or restrict proper flow to your brain.

The most common cause of blood clots is atherosclerosis. This is when fatty deposits build up along the inner lining of a blood vessel.

A portion from this buildup breaks off and blocks the blood from flowing to your brain. This is similar to heart attacks when blood clots prevent blood flow to your heart.

Ischemic strokes can be embolic. This happens when a blood clot travels from one part of your body to a part of your brain. Embolic strokes are often caused by irregular heartbeats, a condition called atrial fibrillation.

Another form of ischemic stroke is a thrombotic stroke. This happens when a blood clot forms in a blood vessel of your brain. This blood clot will only go away with the proper treatment.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

The last type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke. This takes place when blood vessels in the brain rupture. This spills blood into the surrounding tissues.

The first type of hemorrhagic stroke is an aneurysm. This happens when a part of a weakened blood vessel balloons. This sometimes causes the vessel to rapture.

The second form of hemorrhagic stroke is an arteriovenous malformation. This is when blood vessels form in an abnormal manner. When an abnormal blood vessel ruptures, it causes a hemorrhagic stroke.

Finally, high blood pressure can weaken small blood cells in the brain. When blood pressure spikes, it can cause the vessels to rupture and bleed into the brain.

Warning Signs of a Stroke

Knowing the warning signs of a stroke will help you know when to seek immediate attention. Here are some signs of a stroke:

  • One side of your face drops when you smile.
  • You can’t raise both arms at once.
  • Trouble talking or slurred speech.
  • Sudden confusion, difficulty understanding someone.
  • Dizziness, difficulty walking, loss of coordination
  • Severe headache
  • Difficulty seeing in one eye or both

If you have a TIA, these symptoms may appear for a short while. However, if you experience these symptoms, seek immediate help.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Doctors may use various techniques to determine if you have a stroke. They may do a physical exam, blood tests, CT scan, or MRI.

You may also try getting a transcranial doppler. Look here to find out more.

Treatments for stroke may depend on the type of stroke you have.

Ischemic Stroke

Doctors must restore blood flow to the brain to treat an ischemic stroke. Patients must receive emergency IV medication within 4.5 hours of the first symptoms.

The faster you get treatment, the bigger your chances of survival. It can also reduce any complications from the stroke. Doctors may also use emergency endovascular procedures in some cases.

Doctors will use a catheter to deliver medication to the brain. Another method is where doctors use a stent retriever. With a special device and catheter, they can remove clots from the blocked blood vessel.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

Doctors may give you medications to counteract any products that thin your blood. You may also receive drugs to lower intracranial pressure and blood pressure. This will also prevent seizures and spasms of your blood vessels.

If the bleeding covers a large area, doctors will perform surgery to treat it. You may also get surgery to repair blood vessel damage caused by hemorrhagic strokes.

A surgeon may use a surgical clipping to clamp the base of the aneurysm. This prevents the aneurysm from bursting or bleeding again. Other treatments include coiling, surgical AVM removal, and stereotactic radiosurgery.

Now You Know the Different Kinds of Strokes

Now you know about the different kinds of strokes and their treatment. Watch out for signs of stroke and use this guide to identify them. Seek immediate professional help even if the symptoms go away.

Thank you for reading our article! Looking for more tips about watching out for your health? Check out our other guides for more valuable information!