Also known as invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, Laparoscopic surgery is widely used to diagnose ailments of the pelvis, urinary bladder, and uterus. The procedure involves the use of a small incision of no longer than 0.5 inches and is often used as a feasible alternative to open surgery.
The patient undergoing the procedure is put under general anaesthetic, however, regional anaesthetics are also used for the appropriate patient and scenarios. The procedure could be used for many medical aspects like examining organs inside the abdomen with a video monitor and let doctors get real-time insights along with getting biopsy samples too.
Reasons to Perform Laparoscopy
The reasons to go for laparoscopic surgery generally evokes abnormal abdominal pain. While other imaging tests like Ultrasound, CT Scan, MRI Scan etc. can also pinpoint the source of pain, Laparoscopy is put to use when these tests are unable to give a clear picture.
Usually, the conditions diagnosed by the tests can be the following –
- An abnormal abdominal mass or tumour
- Liver disease
- A cancer symptom or sign of progression
- Fluid build-up in the abdomen cavity
- After-effects of previous surgery or treatment
- Weight loss surgery such as Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Immediately after the diagnosis and assessment of the report your doctor or surgeon can work to devise an action plan for your condition and treat you better.
The Risks of Laparoscopy
Though the risks of Laparoscopy are minimal and a rare occurrence, it still can happen. The most common risks surface from the procedure involves bleeding, minor damage to abdomen organs, infection and more. Hence, it is crucial to look and notice signs of infection after the procedure too. Other Common Risk Factors Of Laparoscopy Includes –
- Having chills or fever
- Shortness of breath
- Persistent cough
- A progressing abdominal pain
- Problems in urination
- Any redness, swelling, or bleeding from the incision area
There is always a bigger risk of getting an organ punctured which can lead to a fluid discrete in the abdomen and would require another surgery to repair.
Preparations for Laparoscopy Surgery
The first and foremost thing to do is create transparency between the patient and doctor. There should be no hiding of any on-going medication so that it could be brought down to a safe level for the procedure. Some drugs that impair with a safe and secure Laparoscopy procedure are –
- Any kind of blood thinners
- Herbal or dietary supplements
- Vitamin K intake
- Any medicine that may lead to blood clotting
- Any NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs which include aspirin, ibuprofen and others.
Your doctor might conduct certain tests like blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray and other tests depending on the patient’s health history. These tests ensure that the patient is safe to undergo such a procedure and also acts as a roadmap to the actual test. The patient is also informed to not eat or drink before at least 8 hours of the actual surgery.
Post-surgery, the patient can also feel drowsy for several hours after the surgery due to anaesthesia.