Buying gold instead of investing is sentimental for Indians in general. Traditional ways to invest in gold, primarily through jewelry, have thrown up a series of opportunities to invest in gold over the past few decades.
Here are some ways to invest in India’s gold.
Gold coin and bullion: This is the simplest and most traditional form of gold investment. Gold bullion, bars, and coins are physically made of the purest form of gold. Gold coins are available in various sizes.
Gold ETFs: Investors can buy various gold exchange-traded funds (ETFs). Gold ETFs are better than physical gold, providing many benefits. No one can steal the electronic form of Gold ETFs. On the other hand, you will not have to pay for storage. Gold ETF taxation is done in the same way as in physical gold.
The physical gold investment gives you high liquidity, but at the same time, it is hazardous to have physical gold with you. If you remain invested for more than three years, you are only liable to pay tax in the form of long-term capital gains at 20 percent (with indexing).
Investing in ETFs is convenient and there is no quality or theft-related risk. However, ETF transactions require you to open a Demat account, which is taken on an annual basis. The expense ratio on ETFs is also equal to 1%.
E-Gold: E-gold enables investors to invest in gold (1 gram or 2 gram) much less than physical gold. Buying and selling of e-gold are more convenient. We can buy e-gold electronically from the exchange as we purchase physical gold from shops and banks. At any moment, e-gold can be converted into physical gold. One of the advantages of e-gold investment is that it has no holding cost.
Gold Futures: Gold futures refers to an arrangement in which a person agrees to take delivery of gold by making an initial payment on a specified date, in which payment is made in full in compliance with the agreement.
Gold futures can be purchased on MCX. These future prices are meant to track gold prices, and it is necessary to settle contracts with a predetermined period. Gold futures are risky investments because even if they make a loss, the prospects have to be settled.
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB): SGB is a desirable gold investment option. Along with the benefits of capital appreciation, you also get the benefit of interest income by investing in SGB.
The significant interest rate per year on SGB is 2.5 percent. If you redeem the SGB after the completion of their term, then they are exempt from income tax. After three years of investment (with the benefit of indexing), you are eligible for a 20 percent LTCG tax.
SGB is the best option for investors for long-term investment purposes. It is safe, tax-efficient, and you also earn interest income from such investments.