Establishment and management of e-waste Recycling facility
E – waste Recycling Facility is an industrial operation on its own requiring clearances from various authorities to establish and operate the facility. In the organized sector these facilities must be built. The process starts with the project planning and preparation of the project document which will be in line with the planned operations and business plans for the project. The project planning, land acquisition and required licenses to be obtained from the agencies concerned in whose authority the unit is to be built, the unit will have to operate according to the specifications in each State. The Environmental Clearances have become important among the numerous clearances today given the need to preserve the atmosphere and control pollution. The Detailed Project Report (DPR) should include the requirements for environmental compliance, and the investment made for the same. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide the details needed to pursue various environmental clearances and promote them in the process.
b. Environmental Clearance
The establishment of a recycling facility for e-waste recycling comes under Infrastructure Projects of the EIA notification dated September 2006 notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. It has similar requirements as the projects covered under the Treatment Storage Disposal Facility (TSDF). Any person, who is likely to establish or take any steps to establish any type of E-waste recycling or processing, which is likely to discharge sewage or trade effluent into any stream or well or sewer or on land has to obtain consent of the concerned State Pollution Control Board. Similarly, any person, who is likely to establish or operate any e-waste recycling plant or process e-waste in any manner that is likely to cause air pollution is not permitted to discharge or cause the emission of any air pollutant in excess of the standards laid down by the concerned State Pollution Control Board. These emissions are regulated by the State Pollution Control Board/Committee and are subject to prior consent from the same. The entrepreneur has to obtain the Consent for Establishment (CTE), which is the first and foremost requirement and is obtained prior to the setting up of the industry. If the industry falls under schedule I of Environment Impact Assessment notification of 2006, it requires Environmental Clearance (EC). Procedure for Obtaining Environmental Clearances (EC) The industrial unit which proposes to process e-waste is considered as any other industrial unit which handles hazardous substances and is liable to under the Environment Clearance Notification of 2006 as it causes pollute air and water.
3. Public Consultation
4. Project Appraisal
a. Expert Appraisal Committee
b. State Level Appraisal Committee
The Following information/documents have to be furnished for obtaining EC.
1. Project Report
2. Land/shed possession certificate
3. Location Map
4. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report
5. Environment Management Plan (EMP) Reports (for industries listed in Schedule Iof the EIA notification)
6. Water & materials balance
7.Proposed Pollution Control measures for water, air and solid and hazardous wastes
8. Detailed Layout map